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The Lincoln AssassinationCrime and Punishment, Myth and Memory A Lincoln Forum Book$
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Harold Holzer, Craig L. Symonds, and Frank J. Williams

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780823232260

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: March 2011

DOI: 10.5422/fso/9780823232260.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FORDHAM SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.fordham.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Fordham University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FSO for personal use.date: 05 August 2021

Writing History in a Vacuum

Writing History in a Vacuum

The Lincoln Assassination

Chapter:
(p.157) Chapter 6 Writing History in a Vacuum
Source:
The Lincoln Assassination
Author(s):

Thomas R. Turner

Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:10.5422/fso/9780823232260.003.0007

This chapter discusses the legal ramifications of the use of a military court to try the Lincoln conspirators. It notes that, after a war that cost 620,000 lives—Northern and Southern—Americans were traumatized as never before. It shows how the staggering death toll profoundly affected the pursuit, imprisonment, and trial of the assassins. The use of a military commission to try them was a rational decision in 1865, and the commission proved more objective than a civil trial might have been at the time. Nevertheless, the emotions of the moment had much impact on the proceedings. To show this, the chapter focuses particularly on the later trial of John Surratt, the son of the conspirator Mary Surratt, who, unlike his mother, escaped conviction at a civil trial because of a hung jury. Surratt's release fueled the impression that the 1865 military commission had been biased in favor of the prosecution. It is argued that the major difference between the two trials was the less frenzied environment that prevailed in 1867.

Keywords:   Abraham Lincoln, military court, conspirators, John Surratt, assassination trial

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