This chapter defines “provincialism” in two ways: as any social disposition, custom, or form of speech which is characteristic of a province; and the fondness and pride attached to the inhabitants of the province. It takes up the philosophy of loyalty, emphasizing three problems: unassimilated newcomers, a leveling tendency, and the “mob spirit”, that can interfere with the development of that form of loyalty Royce calls “wise provincialism”. To be a loyal member of a community is to be committed to fostering the growth of one's local community in a way that promotes the growth of other communities as well.
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