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Philosophy and the Jewish QuestionMendelssohn, Rosenzweig, and Beyond$
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Bruce Rosenstock

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780823231294

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: March 2011

DOI: 10.5422/fso/9780823231294.001.0001

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four Reinhold and Kant: The Quest for a New Religion of Reason

four Reinhold and Kant: The Quest for a New Religion of Reason

(p.162) FOUR Reinhold and Kant: The Quest for a New Religion of Reason
Philosophy and the Jewish Question

Bruce Rosenstock

Fordham University Press

This chapter charts the efforts on the part of Karl Leonhard Reinhold and Immanuel Kant to construct a religion of reason that was intended to be the philosophical supersession of Christianity. They represent their philosophical supersession of Christianity as a cleansing of Christianity of all its remaining ties to Judaism. In this way, they respond to Friedrich Jacobi's accusation that the religion of reason is merely a cover for the reintroduction of the abstract Jewish God in place of Christianity's personal God. Reinhold and Kant, although they did not stand on Jacobi's side of the Spinoza Quarrel, nonetheless saw that it was necessary to separate their religion of reason from any connection with Moses Mendelssohn's Judaism. Reinhold saw Kant's philosophy as answering the deepest need of the historical moment, namely, to find a way to resolve the Spinoza Quarrel.

Keywords:   Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Immanuel Kant, religion, reason, Christianity, God, Moses Mendelssohn, Judaism, Friedrich Jacobi, Spinoza Quarrel

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