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Philosophy and the Jewish QuestionMendelssohn, Rosenzweig, and Beyond$
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Bruce Rosenstock

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780823231294

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: March 2011

DOI: 10.5422/fso/9780823231294.001.0001

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three In the Year of the Lord 1800: Rosenzweig and the Spinoza Quarrel

three In the Year of the Lord 1800: Rosenzweig and the Spinoza Quarrel

(p.123) THREE In the Year of the Lord 1800: Rosenzweig and the Spinoza Quarrel
Philosophy and the Jewish Question

Bruce Rosenstock

Fordham University Press

This chapter shows how Franz Rosenzweig's philosophy of revelation can be read as laying the foundation for a new “messianic friendship,” one between Moses Mendelssohn and Friedrich Jacobi. It shows how Rosenzweig inherited Jacobi's concept of experientially-based revelation, but took it beyond Jacobi's gnostic anti-Judaism by offering a decidedly anti-gnostic reading of the “root words” of the Hebrew Bible in The Star of Redemption. Rosenzweig is at pains to show that the God of the Hebrew Bible is a person and not, as Jacobi claims Baruch Spinoza represents Him, subjectless substance. Rosenzweig can be said to have offered a posthumous resolution of the Spinoza Quarrel that respects both Mendelssohn and Jacobi in their efforts to offer philosophical recuperations of the concept of lived revelation. It is in this sense that a “messianic friendship” is stated between Mendelssohn and Jacobi.

Keywords:   Franz Rosenzweig, philosophy, revelation, friendship, Moses Mendelssohn, Friedrich Jacobi, God, Baruch Spinoza, Spinoza Quarrel

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