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Crossover QueriesDwelling with Negatives, Embodying Philosophy's Others$
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Edith Wyschogrod

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780823226061

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: March 2011

DOI: 10.5422/fso/9780823226061.001.0001

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Exemplary Individuals

Exemplary Individuals

Toward a Phenomenological Ethics

(p.263) 17 Exemplary Individuals
Crossover Queries

Edith Wyschogrod

Fordham University Press

Using the phenomenological strategies of Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Emmanuel Levinas, this chapter describes how the conditions of embodied existence make carnal generality possible. It then turns to paradigmatic lives both within and outside of recognized religious traditions and shows how such lives function as carnal generals. It also examines some competing claims that might mistakenly be thought to resemble this—Nelson Goodman's view that an account of samples can serve to show how conduct is exemplary, and Alasdair MacIntyre's contention that a community's consensus about what moral properties are to be prized, what are to count as virtues, can serve as the ground for resolving ethical disputes. It then suggests reasons for preferring a phenomenological account of exemplary lives.

Keywords:   Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Emmanuel Levinas, paradigmatic lives, carnal generality, Nelson Goodman, Alasdair MacIntyre, virtues, exemplary lives

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