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Overcoming Onto-TheologyToward a Postmodern Christian Faith$
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Merold Westphal

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780823221301

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: March 2011

DOI: 10.5422/fso/9780823221301.001.0001

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Faith As the Overcoming of Ontological Xenophobia

Faith As the Overcoming of Ontological Xenophobia

Chapter:
(p.229) 12 Faith As the Overcoming of Ontological Xenophobia
Source:
Overcoming Onto-Theology
Author(s):

Merold Westphal

Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:10.5422/fso/9780823221301.003.0012

This chapter looks at Derrida's attempt to distinguish deconstruction from negative theology. In this context, it argues that Derrida opens the door without entering it, for an Augustinian understanding of divine alterity in terms of the combined motifs of creation and fall, as developed by Augustine, as well as Aquinas and Bonaventure. In Heidegger's view one could not more eloquently express the danger that the metaphysical tradition represents. It follows that Nietzsche is a Neoplatonist in the grips of ontological xenophobia, while Heidegger is, if not an instance of the Augustinian faith that overcomes this fear of meeting a stranger, at least someone who deliberately holds open the space for such a possibility. The chapter presents this Neoplatonist/Augustinian typology as alternative and corrective to the Augustinian/Thomistic distinction presented by Tillich in his famous essay “The Two Types of Philosophy of Religion”.

Keywords:   Augustine, Neoplatonist, ontological xenophobia, Thomistic, Tillich, negative theology

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