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Postcolonial Bergson$
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Souleymane Bachir Diagne

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780823285839

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823285839.001.0001

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Time and Fatalism

Time and Fatalism

Iqbal on Islamic Fatalism

(p.77) 4 Time and Fatalism
Postcolonial Bergson

Souleymane Bachir Diagne

, Lindsay Turner
Fordham University Press

This chapter takes up G.W. Leibniz’s formulation of Islamic thought as a philosophy of fatalism: fatum mahometanum,or Turkish (or Islamic) fatalism. Against the prejudice that Islam is a doctrine of absolute predestination, founded on a cosmology of a closed work in which the future is already determined, this chapter shows Iqbal’s Quranic cosmology as a continuously emerging universe, open to the creative action of the human individual. Bergson’s philosophy, in its revolutionary reconfiguration of time as duration, is essential to the thought of such a cosmology; in this, Bergsonian thought allows an escape from the binds of fate and predestination and bears a deep affinity with the version of Islamic thought advanced by Iqbal.

Keywords:   duration, fatum mahometanum, Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm, predestination

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