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Fundamentalism or TraditionChristianity after Secularism$
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Aristotle Papanikolaou and George E. Demacopoulos

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780823285792

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823285792.001.0001

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Collectivistic Christianities and Pluralism: An Inquiry into Agency and Responsibility

Collectivistic Christianities and Pluralism: An Inquiry into Agency and Responsibility

Chapter:
(p.36) Collectivistic Christianities and Pluralism: An Inquiry into Agency and Responsibility
Source:
Fundamentalism or Tradition
Author(s):

Slavica Jakelić

Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:10.5422/fordham/9780823285792.003.0003

This essay addresses the relationship between religious traditions, secularisms, and fundamentalisms by looking at collectivistic Catholicisms in the communist and post-communist Croatia and Poland. In response to both theorists of modernity and critics of secularism—who present modernity as a process of secularization and religion as modernity’s other—Jakelić advances the idea of ‘collectivistic religion,’ to refer to religions that are public in manifestation, historically embedded, constitutive of specific group identities—next to linguistic, territorial, cultural, or national identities—and defined in part by the presence of religious (or non-religious) others. On the one hand, she considers the collectivistic Catholicisms that reject the cultural and moral pluralism of modernity but, in the process, end up espousing one of modernity’s aspects—its homogenizing impulse. On the other hand, she traces two instances in which collectivistic Catholicisms in Croatia and Poland affirm the links between Catholicism and national identities but remain open to their Muslim and secular others respectively.

Keywords:   anti-modernism, Christianity and Islam, communism, Croatia, pluralism, Poland, Roman Catholicism, solidarity

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