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Roman Catholicism in the United StatesA Thematic History$
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Margaret M. McGuinness and James T. Fisher

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780823282760

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823282760.001.0001

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Catholics, Communism, and African Americans

Catholics, Communism, and African Americans

Chapter:
(p.240) Eleven Catholics, Communism, and African Americans
Source:
Roman Catholicism in the United States
Author(s):

Cecilia A. Moore

Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:10.5422/fordham/9780823282760.003.0012

This chapter demonstrates how the integrity of “integral Catholics” was put to a stern test by the American church's willingness to countenance racism in the early and middle decades of the twentieth century. Although white ethnic communities had been provided with national parishes of their own since the late nineteenth century, expressions of African American ethnic/racial solidarity were widely viewed as an affront to the all-encompassing theology of the mystical body of Christ. The chapter shows how this patronizing racial ideology was shaken only after the Communist Party won substantial numbers of black converts in the 1930s and beyond.

Keywords:   Catholics, American Catholic church, racism, blacks, African Americans

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