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Roman Catholicism in the United StatesA Thematic History$
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Margaret M. McGuinness and James T. Fisher

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780823282760

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823282760.001.0001

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Gospel Zeal: Missionary Citizens Overseas and Armchair Missionaries at Home; American Catholic Missions in China, 1900–1989

Gospel Zeal: Missionary Citizens Overseas and Armchair Missionaries at Home; American Catholic Missions in China, 1900–1989

Chapter:
(p.150) Seven Gospel Zeal: Missionary Citizens Overseas and Armchair Missionaries at Home; American Catholic Missions in China, 1900–1989
Source:
Roman Catholicism in the United States
Author(s):

Robert E. Carbonneau, C.P.

Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:10.5422/fordham/9780823282760.003.0008

This chapter deals with the American Catholic missionary movement in the twentieth century, which was dominated by a gospel-driven zeal to convert the Chinese. It examines two interlocking cohorts operating throughout the first half of the twentieth century. One group is the American citizens serving as missionaries in China. In addition to their national passports, spiritual citizenship in conjunction with the Holy See proved to be of paramount influence in the evangelization process. Oftentimes contentious, this fostered encounters between bishops and diplomats, priests, sisters, and laity and the local transnational political actors in China. The second group is the armchair missionaries. These important benefactors on the American home front first came to identify with associated events when they attended the dramatic departure ceremonies for missionaries proceeding on to China.

Keywords:   American Catholics, missionaries, religious conversion, China, spiritual citizenship

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