Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Reified LifeSpeculative Capital and the Ahuman Condition$

J. Paul Narkunas

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780823280308

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823280308.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM FORDHAM SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.fordham.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Fordham University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FSO for personal use. Subscriber: null; date: 19 September 2019

(p.317) Index

(p.317) Index

Source:
Reified Life
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
501 (c)(3) and 501 (c)(4) organizations, 17, 61–62;
America First, 61
absolutization of mathematics, 113–14
Adorno, Theodor, 15, 71
aesthetics of existence, 118
African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, 129
After Babel (Steiner), 163
Agamben, Giorgio, 68, 84, 86, 134, 143, 156;
homo sacer, 68, 84
agential realism, 11, 13–14
Agier, Michel, 68, 141, 143, 145–46
Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), 127
ahuman pluralism, 91–99
ahuman practices, 7, 18–28, 266–67
ahumans, 7, 95–99, 119, 147, 151, 164, 183, 193, 230, 246–47, 264, 270;
and humans, 26–28;
naked life, 84
AIG, bailout of, 64
Alcock, John, 213
algorithmic bots, 2
algorithmic wars, 1–2
Alien Phenomenology (Bogost), 102, 108
Al-Qaeda, 137
Althusser, Louis, 51, 52
altruism markets, 230–38, 242
altruism systems of donation, 239, 241
American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC), 61–62
American Restoration Authority (ARA), 178
Americanization, 42, 51;
American dream myth, 60
anthropocentrism, 15, 28, 107, 261
Appadurai, Arjun, 72–73, 85–86, 95, 97;
political economy of dignity, 85
Apple, 58, 59, 105
Apter, Emily, 164–65, 166
Arendt, Hannah, 95, 190
Aristotle, 23, 32–33, 73, 150, 158, 181, 267
Arrighi, Giovanni, 199
Asad, Talal, 127–28
Atwood, Margaret, 34, 85, 183, 193, 194–226, 229, 246, 253, 256, 261, 265;
ustopias, 200. See also MaddAddam trilogy
Austin, J. L., 169
autonomous economic zones, 55
Badass Teachers Association (BATS), 253
Barad, Karen, 2, 11
Bardini, Thierry, 244
bare life humans, 68
Barnet, Michael, 141, 142
Bauman, Zygmunt, 68
Baxi, Upendra, 127
Beck, Ulrich, 62–63
Becker, Gary, 45
Beckett, Samuel, 181
becoming-market of the human. See market humans
Benjamin, Walter, 92, 163–64, 166, 205, 247
Bentham, Jeremy, 74, 81, 82
Berardi, Franco, 104, 232
Berg-Seligson, Susan, 166
Bhabha, Homi, 72
bildungsroman, 154, 233
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, 256, 257
bioengineering, 196–224
biopolitical normalization, 22, 46, 50, 63, 183, 207, 231, 232, 266
biopolitics, 45–49
biopower, 44–45, 84, 141
Birth of Biopolitics, The (Foucault), 45–49
Black Lives Matter, 253 (p.318)
blood donation, 241. See also organ harvesting
Bogost, Ian, 106, 108, 197, 222–23;
alien phenomenology, 102;
exploitationware, 207
Braidotti, Rosi, 20–21, 22, 23;
and posthuman ethics, 20–21
Brassier, Ray, 101, 111
Brouson, J. Brooks, 201–2
Brown, Wendy, 96, 134–35, 146, 267
Bryant, Levi, 102, 197, 222
Bull, Hedley, 126
Canclini, Nestor, 73
Capital in the Twenty-First Century (Piketty), 5, 104–5
Carney, Scott, 240, 241, 266
Cartesian intentionality, 3, 4, 28, 29, 125
Cartesian subjectivity, 29, 113
Castells, Manuel, 253
Charter Management Organizations (CMOs), 257
child soldiers, 148, 167
Chomsky, Noam, 162, 163
Circle, The (Eggers), 258–60, 262, 267
Citigroup, “Plutonomy: Buying Luxury, Exploring Global Imbalances”, 51–54
Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, 61
citizenship, commodification of, 39
Cixous, Helene, 20
clash of civilizations, 75
Clash of Civilizations (Huntington), 31, 75, 87–89, 93
clinical labor, 241
Cochran, Terry, 23, 92–93, 152–53, 155
“collateral damage” humans, 68
collective assemblages of enunciation, 182–83, 184, 230
commodity fetishism, 106, 239, 242
Common Core, 255
Community of Values, 124, 146
compradors, 56
conatus, 200
concentration camps, 144
conceptual personae, 96, 266–67, 268, 270
Connolly, William, 96
Convention on Refugees (1951), 146
Cooper, Melinda, 112, 197, 202, 207
corporations, and sovereign subjectivity, 61–62
correlationism, 12, 113
courtroom translation. See translation
Crary, Jonathan, 186
creative destruction, 65, 142, 202, 256
cultural humans, 86, 98, 99
culture, 9, 75;
localism, 89;
mandatory culturalism, 92;
as a regulatory system, 76–86;
and uses and abuses of humans, 86–91. See also multiculturalism; utilitarian humanism
Cultures of the Book, 128–29
Cyborg Manifesto (Haraway), 19–20
Dardot, Pierre, 8
dark pools of liquidity, 2, 11–14
data, 2–6, 9, 21, 26, 28, 33, 60, 108, 109, 113, 115, 141, 171, 178–79, 181, 187–89, 192, 250, 253–54, 256, 264–66;
big data, 9, 30, 48, 108, 183, 186–87, 255, 258;
datacentrism, 28, 258–60;
datamining, 60–61, 63, 66, 79, 179, 187, 189, 211, 268, 269
De Man, Paul, 163
De Waal, Alex, 142
DeLanda, Manuel, 223
Deleuze, Gilles, 21, 22, 23, 25–26, 28, 33, 96, 103, 156, 223–24;
asignifying semiotics, 180–83;
associated milieu, 24;
conceptual personae, 96, 266–68, 270;
contingent reason, 266;
dividuals, 21–22;
direct discourse, 183;
haecceity, 96–98, 101, 118, 172, 230, 266;
images of thought, 184;
on language, 29, 184–85;
micropolitical forces, 264;
order-word, 171;
writing, 185. See also Guattari, Félix
demihuman, 242
Democratic Republic of Congo, 148, 159, 162
Democrats for Education Reform, 257–58
derivatives, 73, 105–6, 109, 114–15, 117–18, 202–3, 207, 260;
in speculative fiction, 203;
and subjectivism, 110–12
Derrida, Jacques, 16, 20, 103, 163
desubjectification, 151, 172
digital industrialism, 260
digital technologies, 4, 6, 20, 56–58, 60–61, 108, 115, 152, 186–87, 189, 191, 205, 250, 265
dingpolitik, 245
disaster pornography, 142–43 (p.319)
Dolly (cloned sheep), 73, 92, 204, 229
Dunlap, Charles J., Jr. (Major General), 137
Dunnant, Henry, 140
Eatough, Matthew, 232–33
Ecology Without Nature (Morton), 220
economic individualism, 43
economic morality, universalization of, 51
economic ontology, 14–15, 17, 19, 27, 31, 35, 40, 62, 85, 105–9, 112, 114, 119, 124, 126, 128, 141, 178, 186, 258, 260, 264
Educational Management Organizations (EMOs), 257
Efficiency Movement, 254
Eggers, David, 258–60, 267
Eli Broad Foundation, 256
enemy combatants, 138, 152
enemy of humankind (hostis humani generis), 33, 150, 155, 156, 183
Enlightenment, 15–16
entrepreneurial life, 40–41, 57–58, 66–69, 207
entrepreneurs, 30, 41, 53, 57, 60, 62, 65–66, 70
Escobar, Arturo, 72
ethnic cleansing, 133
European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO), 145
European Commission on Human Rights, 168
European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), 168
Evangelical Christians, 69, 268
expendable humans, 5, 10, 13, 30, 32, 41, 75, 86, 99–101, 11, 116, 118, 158, 189, 199, 228, 253, 256
expendable life, 10, 84, 228
exploitationware, 207
Facebook, 6, 58, 65, 68, 127, 179, 186, 258, 260
failed states, 123–24
Falun Gong, 238
Fanon, Frantz, 16
fantasy of the regenerative body, 238
Far Right movements, 69–70
Farage, Nigel, 69
Feher, Michel, 139
fictitious capital, 108. See also financialization
figures of thought, 23, 152–53
financialization, 3, 5, 8, 25, 41, 46, 62, 67, 70, 83, 95, 108–9, 117, 139, 151, 172, 181, 252, 263, 267
flash crash, 1, 2–3, 12, 14
Ford, Henry, 43
Fordism, 30, 42–44, 50, 67, 109, 117
Fordist factory systems. See Fordism
Foucault, Michel, 16, 21, 23, 28–30, 40, 44–45, 54–55, 59, 63, 74, 76, 82, 84, 90, 112, 115, 118, 133, 141, 153, 179, 205, 232, 246, 251, 254;
on Jeremy Bentham, 82;
biopolitical normalization, 232;
biopolitics lectures, 45–49;
biopower, 44–45, 84;
and entrepreneurial subjectivation, 50;
on governmentality, 32, 40, 46, 48–49, 52, 76, 119, 124, 131, 135, 141, 143, 145, 189, 249, 251–52;
and homo oeconomicus, 45–48;
on neoliberalism, 45–51;
ontology of the present, 179;
regimes of truth, 10, 19, 45, 49–51, 54, 56, 60, 153, 188, 190, 261, 269;
state racism, 133. See also subjectivation
Fraser, Nancy, 73
freedom, and homo oeconomicus, 48
Friedman, Milton, 10
Galloway, Alexander, 4, 188, 205, 207
games:
as an elegant delivery system, MMORPGs, 204–5;
atrocities, 207;
game theory, 211;
gamification, 207;
life as a game to be mastered, 204;
normalization of life as a game, 207–8;
risk-modeling scenarios, 206
Gaming: Essays on Algorithmic Culture (Galloway), 207
Geneva Convention (1864), 140
Geneva Convention (1951), 145
Giddens, Anthony, 73
Gift Relationship, The (Titmuss), 241
gig economy, 56–57
Goethe, Johann, 154
Google, 6, 58, 65, 68, 164, 179, 258, 260
Gould, Stephen Jay, 213
Gramsci, Antonio, 32, 42–44, 46–51, 55, 67, 82, 90, 112, 115, 205, 232, 254;
analysis of how work industrializes human character, 49–50
Great Transformation, The (Polyani), 112–13, 116–17
Griffiths, Courtenay, 160–61
Grosz, Elizabeth, 96, 223
Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals (Kant), 236
Guattari, Félix, 3, 21–23, 31, 96, 118, 156, 171, 179–85, 205, 245–46, 264, 266;
asignifying semiotics, 180–83; (p.320)
conceptual personae, 96, 266–68, 270;
contingent reason, 266;
images of thought, 184;
language’s “existential” quality, 265;
machinic enslavement, 180;
micropolitical forces, 264;
order-word, 171;
on language, 181–82, 184–85;
writing, 185. See also Deleuze, Gilles
Habermas, Jurgen, 76
haecceity, 96–97, 101, 118, 266
Hale, Sandra, 166
Haraway, Donna, 19–20, 22, 23
Harcourt, Bernard, 49
Harcourt, Wendy, 72
Hardt, Michael, 95, 253
Harman, Graham, 103, 107, 197, 222;
correlationism, 113;
substantialism, 108;
tool-being, 102
Hayek, Friedrich, 10, 45
Hayward, Tony, 103
Head, Simon, 254–55
Hedge Clippers, 253
hedge funds, 3, 11–12, 31, 54, 94, 100, 105–6, 109, 253, 256–58
Heidegger, Martin, 80, 102, 103, 104, 179, 221
high net worth individuals (HNWIs), 56, 177, 189–90. See also market humans; Super Sad True Love Story (Shteyngart)
high-requency trading (HFT), 1,4, 11–15
Hobbes, Thomas, 46, 130–31, 251
Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 124
homo oeconomicus, 40, 267;
astronauts, 54–55;
and Michel Foucault, 45–48;
and freedom, 48;
and industrialization, 42;
and managing risk, 62–64;
and non-statist institutions, 62
homo politicus, 267, 268
Homo Sacer (Agamben), 84
Horkheimer, Max, 15, 63
human, and ahuman, 26–28
human rights, 119, 122–47, 184, 223, 230. 236, 238, 252, 256, 260, 261, 264, 267;
danger of human rights idolatry, 129–30;
as marketed structure of feeling, 126–36;
and particularists, 128–30, 133;
and translation, 148–73;
and the U.S. military, 136–39;
and universalists, 126–28
Human Rights, Inc. (Slaughter), 154–56
Human Rights Watch, 125, 148
humanism, 4–7, 16, 152, 154, 193, 195–97;
and nation-states, 10;
new humanism proposed by Gilbert Simondon, 25;
and posthumanism, 16, 29, 195, 251
humanitarian asylum, 146
humanitarian government, 32, 40, 119, 131, 143–44, 145, 146
humanitarian law, 6, 29, 126, 150, 151–59, 170, 245, 256, 260
humanitarian organizations, 125, 234;
competition for funding, 142–43;
extending wars, 142;
funding from sovereign states, 141–42;
links to wars and business, 140–41;
and the nonprofit industrialization complex, 252–53;
and stateless people, 145
humanitarianism, and states of emergency, 139–44
humanitarians, lawfare and, 136–39
humanization of the market, 61
humans:
as assets, 31, 60, 83, 99, 243, 247, 250;
as commodities, 83;
as figurating animal, 8, 25, 186, 267;
policing, 144–47;
redundant humans, 30, 39, 180;
uses and abuses of, 86–91
Huntington, Samuel, 75, 87–89
hylomorphism, 23
hyperobjects, 12, 102–5, 113
Hyperobjects (Morton), 102–5
ideological state apparatuses, 51
IDPs, 146, 150
Ignatieff, Michael, 129–30
images of thought. See Deleuze, Gilles; Guattari, Félix
immanence, and life, 25–26, 103, 184, 248, 266
immigration:
benefits of, 53;
commodification of, 39–45;
investment categories, 39;
Mexican immigrants, 87;
and temporary market humans, 58;
United States–Mexico border wall, 135
individuation, 23–25, 26, 28, 46, 47, 49, 95–98, 118, 158, 172, 223–24, 229, 230, 243, 245–46, 264, 266
industrialization of consciousness, 9, 41, 44, 47, 51, 99, 232, 253, 254
institutional critique, 255–58
instrumentalization of life, 9, 47, 50, 197, 198, 253
internally displaced persons. See IDPs
International Committee of the Red Cross, 140
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), 168 (p.321)
International Criminal Court (ICC), 148–49, 161–62, 167, 168
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), 168
internment camps, 144
intra-actions, 2, 14, 62, 158, 162
Ishiguro, Kazuo, 29, 34–35, 193, 227–47, 256, 265–66
ISIS, 137
James, William, 96
job growth, 6
junkware, 244
jus ad bellum, 137, 151
jus in bello, 137, 151
Kant, Immanuel, 236
Kapur, Ajay, 51–53
Karton, Joshua, 167
Kass, Leon, 200
Kennedy, David, 129–30, 136, 139
Kilgour, David, 238
Klein, Naomi, 191
knowledge economy, 253
Krippner, Greta, 105
Kurzweil, Ray, 194–96
labor, reorganization of due to digital technologies, 6, 189, 191
language:
collective assemblages of enunciation, 182–83;
direct discourse, 183;
drilling holes, 181;
and equal protection before the law, 149–51;
free indirect discourse, 172, 183;
and missions civilisatrices, 159–68;
and molecular aspect of language, 183, 245;
performative function of language, 169;
and speculative fiction, 180–93;
translation, 158–73;
uses and abuses of, 151–59
Lapavitsas, Costas, 109
Latour, Bruno, 9, 13, 157, 245–46;
actants, 9, 246, 266
Laval, Christian, 8
lawfare, and humanitarians, 136–39, 145–46
legalism, 130
LePen, Marie, 69
Lewontin, Richard, 213
life, and immanence, 25–26, 103, 184, 248, 266
localism, 88–89
low net worth individuals (LNWIs), 56, 189–90, 192, 193
Lubanga Dyilo, Thomas, 148–49, 159–60, 161–62, 167–68
Luhmann, Niklas, 62
Lukács, György, 35,108, 111
Mabille, Catherine, 148–49
MaddAddam: A Novel (Atwood), 194, 203. See also MaddAddam trilogy (Atwood)
MaddAddam trilogy (Atwood), 183, 196–97, 200, 225–26, 265;
CorpSeCorps, 199, 201, 206, 218;
games as an elegant delivery system, 204–21
managing risk, 41, 62–64, 66, 207, 250
mandatory culturalism, 92
Marazzi, Christian, 67–68
market humans, 9, 30, 40, 52, 54–62, 64, 66–71, 76–77, 81–82, 87, 92–93, 100–1, 110, 124, 126, 134, 142, 147, 156, 187, 189, 195, 207;
and policing the human, 62–64;
and tech companies, 57–59;
and Donald Trump, 69–70. See also high net worth individuals (HNWIs)
market ontology. See economic ontology
marketplace of ideas, 124
Martin, Randy, 66
Martin, Trayvon, 62
Marx, Karl, 8, 35, 82, 229;
and General Intellect, 14;
and reification, 106–9, 111–12
Massive Multiplayer Online Role Playing Games. See MMORPGs
Massumi, Brian, 96
Matas, David, 238
Maturana, Humberto, 14
Mayor, Frederico, 77–78
McMenamin, Gerald, 166
Meillassoux, Quentin, 12, 102, 113–14, 222–23;
metaphysical subjectivation, 102
Menon, Krishna, 132
Mill, John Stuart, 31, 74, 81–82
mission of the contract, 127
missions civilisatrices, 159–68, 234
Mitchell, Robert, 238, 242, 245
MMORPGs, 198–99, 204–5, 212, 307. See also games
Moore v. Regents of the University of California, 245
morphogenesis, 34, 198
Morton, Timothy, 102–5, 113, 220–22;
ambient poetics, 220;
atmospherics, 220;
ecomimesis, 220
Mugabe, Robert, 161
multiculturalism, 88. See also culture (p.322)
naked life, 68, 84–85, 143
nation-states:
and biopolitics, 49;
in flux, 124;
and humanism, 10;
and neoliberalism, 8–10;
and posthuman, 10;
transforming sovereignty of, 10, 32, 39–40, 64, 87–88, 95, 124
natural rights, 138, 152–53, 155–59, 168–69, 229–30, 268
naturalistic fallacy, 213, 216
Negri, Antonio, 95, 253
neoliberalism, 7–10, 12, 14, 17, 25, 28, 30, 41, 45–46, 51, 77, 87, 90, 97, 104, 114–15, 118, 139, 158, 182, 187–88, 190, 192, 195, 235, 249–51, 256, 260–64, 267;
homo oeconomicus of, 40, 47–49, 51, 55, 60–61
Neoliberalism as Exception: Mutations in Citizenship and Sovereignty (Ong), 55
Network for Public Education, 253
Never Let Me Go (Ishiguro), 227–47;
dream futures, 243
Ng, Serena, 64
Ngũ Thiong’o, 160
NGOs, 125, 126, 130–32, 134, 139–41, 143, 145–47, 155, 234, 252–53;
competition for funding, 142–43;
extending wars, 142;
funding from sovereign states, 141–42
Nietzsche, Friedrich, 96, 98, 115, 157, 211, 266
no-human’s-zone, 144, 228
nonprofit industrialization complex, 252–53
nonprofit organizations, 17, 48, 61–62, 147, 233–34, 241, 252, 256–57
Nuremberg Laws, 133
Nuremberg trials, 149, 167
Nussbaum, Martha, 230
object-oriented ontology, 12–13, 15, 31, 101–2, 114, 144, 197, 207, 210, 223–24, 230;
derivatives and subjectivism, 110–12;
economic ontologies, 105–9;
the equality of objects and reification, 102–5;
tool-being, 102
Occupy Wall Street, 53, 56, 182–83, 270
Office of the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), 143
oikos, 14
Ong, Aihwa, 54–55;
astronauts, 54–55
ontogenesis, 24, 34, 198, 224
ontological egalitarianism, 13, 101–2
operationalizing human ontology, 5
Ordoliberals, 45
organ harvesting, 238–47. See also Never Let Me Go (Ishiguro)
Origins of Totalitarianism (Arendt), 95
Oryx and Crake (Atwood), 194, 198–201, 203, 204–21. See also MaddAddam trilogy (Atwood)
outsourcing governance. See state, outsourcing governance
Patterson, Scott, 1, 2
Pearson, Keith Ansell, 96
personality, 79, 108, 154, 169–70, 188;
as a legal fiction, 155
Pfizer, 105
philology, 163–64
Piketty, Thomas, 5, 104–5
plutonomy, 51–54
Pneumatic Parliament, 123–24, 126, 146
poesis, 29, 181, 231
policing the humans, 144–47
political lobbying, and nonprofit organizations, 61–62
political Right, 268
Political Theology (Schmitt), 132, 133
Polman, Linda, 142
Polyani, Karl, 46, 112–13, 114, 116–17, 251
postanthropocentrism, 17–18, 27, 28
post-Fordism, 253–55
posthumanism, 12, 26, 29, 34, 119, 152, 195, 197, 251, 261–63;
and its discontents, 11–19
postmodern, 21, 74, 263. See also posthumanism
poststructuralism, 16–18
Prison Notebooks (Gramsci), 42–44
private equity, 11, 12, 100, 105–6, 257
private military companies, 138
Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees (1967), 146
protocological control, 4, 17, 188
public education, transforming into a private resource, 256–58
quality-adjusted life year (QALY) values, 233
Rabinow, Paul, 242
Rajan, Kauschik Sunder, 197
Rancière, Jacques, 29, 157, 159, 202, 232;
distribution of the sensible, 202, 232, 246, 265, 270
Ravitch, Diane, 253, 256
Reagan, Ronald, 45 (p.323)
red market, 241, 266. See also organ harvesting
refugee, 34, 68, 75, 102, 139, 141, 145–46, 150–51, 159, 215, 245, 269
refugee camps, 137, 143–44
reification, 10, 12, 15, 34, 85, 96, 99, 265;
Margaret Atwood’s critique of, 197;
as a dynamic process, 113;
the equality of objects and, 102–5;
of life, 31, 101, 106–9, 11, 127, 230, 251;
of humans/bodies, 25, 229, 233, 243–43, 245, 247;
Research Excellence Framework (REF), 255
Rieff, David, 139–40, 142
risk management, 8, 9, 30, 34, 40–41, 49–50, 54, 62–67, 110, 113, 147, 202, 205, 207, 210, 252, 264;
in gaming, 206–7
Risk Society (Beck), 62–63, 67
Rose, Nikolas, 197
Rushkoff, Douglas, 260
Said, Edward, 16
Sakai, Naoki, 164–65, 169–71
Sanders, Mark, 159, 171
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, 162, 163
Scheper-Hughes, Nancy, 238–39, 242
Schmitt, Carl, 130–34, 151, 156
Schumpeter, Joseph, 65, 142
scientism, 28, 129–30, 155
self-reflexive autopoietic systems, 14
self-regulating markets, 10, 112–13, 116–17
semiocapitalism, 3, 100, 178, 180
sharing economy, 56–58, 179, 188, 258–60, 266
Shaviro, Steven, 101, 107
Shostack, Stanley, 223, 225
Shteyngart, Gary, 29, 33, 177–79, 184, 187–93, 195, 199–200, 205, 211, 246, 253, 256, 266
Silicon Valley corporations, and market humans, 30, 57–59, 79, 179, 188
Simondon, Gilbert, 23–26, 198, 223, 224, 264
Singer, Peter, 91, 137
Slaughter, Joseph, 154–56, 159
Sloterdijk, Peter, 40–41, 47, 56, 63, 111, 116, 123–24, 126, 146, 184, 203, 252
Smith, Adam, 45, 116
social contracts, 40, 41, 47, 56, 63–64, 111, 115–16, 251
social Darwinism, 87–88, 254
social hieroglyphic, 35, 106, 229, 231
societies of control, 21–22
sovereign subjectivity, 18, 26, 61, 171, 151;
and corporations, 61–62
sovereignty:
commodification of, 39;
and human rights, 136–39;
in the marketplace, 58;
nostalgia for, 134;
political theology of, 130;
and Carl Schmitt, 130–34;
theatricality of, 135–36. See also nation-states
Special Administration Regions, 55
Special Economic Zones, 55
speciesism, 91–92, 101
speculative capital, 7, 9, 30, 33–34, 41, 114, 118, 179, 284, 189, 195, 201–3, 206–7, 210, 218, 222, 222, 236, 246, 249, 257, 264–66;
speculative fictions and, 198–204
speculative fictions, 7–8, 28–29, 33–35, 98, 173, 180–93, 206, 225–28, 264–66;
The Circle (Eggers), 258–60, 267;
MaddAddam trilogy (Atwood), 183, 194–226, 265;
Never Let Me Go (Ishiguro), 227–47;
speculative capital and, 198–204;
Super Sad True Love Story (Shteyngart), 177–79, 187–93, 199, 266;
temporal play, 203–4
speculative realism, 7, 12, 101–2, 104
Spencer, Herbert, 254
Spinoza, Baruch, 200
Spivak, Gayatri, 92, 163
Stand Your Ground gun legislation, 62
state, outsourcing governance, 9, 32, 40, 70, 141, 178, 190, 192, 250–52
stateless peoples, 138–39, 141, 143–46
states of emergency, and humanitarianism, 139–44
States of Shock (Stiegler), 16
Steiner, George, 163
Stenou, Katerina, 85;
political economy of dignity, 85
Stiegler, Bernard, 16, 104, 205–6;
organology, 205
structure of feeling, 9, 71, 80, 126;
human rights as marketed structure of feeling, 126–36
subject of rights, 45
subjectification, 21, 46, 50, 118, 169, 172
subjectivation, 21–22, 46, 50, 54, 102, 118, 151, 157, 172, 266
subjectivism, 4–5;
and derivatives, 110–12
Super Sad True Love Story (Shteyngart), 33, 177–79, 187–93, 199, 209, 266;
Abramov, Lenny, 177–79, 187–93;
FACing, 188 (p.324)
Supiot, Alain, 127–29, 133–34
Surplus Life (Cooper), 207
surveillance, 63, 187, 251, 254, 259
sustainable pluralism, 85–86
Taylor, Charles, 160–61
Taylor, Frederick, 43, 50, 108, 254
Taylorism, 50, 90, 254, 255
Tea Party, 268–69, 307
techniques of governmentality. See biopower: on governmentality
temporary protection, 146
territorial asylum, 146
terrorism, 63, 123, 135, 151, 156
Thatcher, Margaret, 10, 45
theatricality of sovereignty, 135–36
Third Wave feminism, 215
this-nesses. See haecceity
Titmuss, Richard, 241
transhumanism, 34, 195, 197, 225
transindividual, 24–25, 29, 39, 118, 169–70, 246
translation, 33, 98, 157–59, 162–72, 180, 193, 230, 253, 265–65;
continuity in discontinuity, 170;
and desubjectification, 151, 172;
and equal protection before the law, 149–51, 157–72;
oscillation or indeterminacy of personality in, 170. See also language
translation zones, 164–65
TRIPS, 127
Trump, Donald, 53, 59, 61, 63, 69–70, 88, 237, 268, 269;
and Christian Fortress America, 89;
“Make America Great Again” slogan, 75;
similarities to Samuel Huntington’s “clash of civilizations” thesis, 88, 90, 96, 133
Turner, Adair, 105
Uber, 57, 59, 60
UN Human Rights Committee (UNHRC), 168
undesirables, 68, 114, 143–44, 147, 180. See also expendable humans
UNESCO, 30–31, 72–73, 88, 91, 95, 98, 110;
constitution, 76;
on culture, 76–86
Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights, 91, 92;
World Culture Reports (WCRs), 72–74, 79–81, 83, 85
Union of Congolese Patriots (UPC), 148
United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS), 241
United States–Mexico border wall, 135
Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights, 91, 92, 124
UnKoch My Campus, 253
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), 145
U.S. military, and human rights, 136–39
utilitarian humanism, 31, 74, 83, 86, 124, 126–27, 133–34, 147, 151, 156, 158, 230, 253, 266;
dangers of, 90–91;
definition and principles of, 83–84;
operating in governmental fashion, 84;
uses and abuses of humans, 86–91
utilitarianism, 31, 34, 74, 81–83, 196
Varela, Francois, 14
Vico, Giambattista, 93–95, 153, 226
Vinge, Vernor, 194
Von der Haegen, Gesa Mueller, 123–24, 126, 146
Von Humboldt, Alexander, 154
Waldby, Catherine, 238, 241–43, 245
Wallerstein, Immanuel, 199
Walton Family Foundation, 256
war law. See humanitarian law
war on terror, 63, 137–38, 143–45, 178, 182, 190
Weiss, Thomas, 141
Weissman, August, 224
Westphalian political system, 32, 95, 124, 130–31, 140
Whitehead, Alfred North, 107
Who Are We? The Challenges to American National Identity (Huntington), 87–88;
American Creed, 88
Wilde, Oscar, 209, 265
Williams, Raymond, 9, 71, 80
Wilson, Edmund, 213
Wolfe, Cary, 91–93, 197
Wolfendale, Peter, 101
Women’s March 2017, 263, 269–70
Woolf, Virginia, 200
World at Risk (Beck), 62–63
Year of the Flood, The (Atwood), 195–96, 201, 203, 215, 218–20. See also MaddAddam trilogy (Atwood)
Yew, Lee Kuan, 128
Zimmerman, George, 62