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The Global South Atlantic$
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Kerry Bystrom and Joseph R. Slaughter

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780823277872

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823277872.001.0001

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A World Girded

A World Girded

Saint-Simonian Space and Race in the Nineteenth-Century Latin Transatlantic

Chapter:
(p.46) A World Girded
Source:
The Global South Atlantic
Author(s):

Jaime Hanneken

Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:10.5422/fordham/9780823277872.003.0003

This chapter analyzes the rhetoric of space popularized by Saint-Simonian thought and examines the way its main features shape narratives of imperialism and race through transatlantic discourses of Latinité between 1830 and World War I. Saint-Simonian space, which expresses the global scale of industrial capital through bodily metaphor, is instrumental both to France’s imperial endeavors in Africa and the Americas and to Latin American elites’ incorporation of racially marginalized populations into a hegemonic regional imaginary. In both contexts, the distortion of scale plays out in the tension between Fourierist conceptions of social organization and expansive Saint-Simonian networks of trade. This slippage between “embodied” and global, abstract space is tied to neocolonial arrangements of race and labor that traverse French colonial and Latin American social hierarchies, in a way that mirrors the evolution of “race war” discourse as understood by Michel Foucault.

Keywords:   Enfantin, France, Iberian America, Latin transatlantic, Latinité, Saint-Simon, Saint-Simonianism

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