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The Origin of the PoliticalHannah Arendt or Simone Weil?$
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Roberto Esposito

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780823276264

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823276264.001.0001

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Imperium

Imperium

Chapter:
(p.54) 10 Imperium
Source:
The Origin of the Political
Author(s):

Roberto Esposito

, Vincenzo Binetti, Gareth Williams
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:10.5422/fordham/9780823276264.003.0010

This chapter describes how Weil overturns all of Arendt's affirmations by uncovering the double foundation of violence and deceit that underlies the Latin framework upon which Arendt's assertions rest. This is certainly the case of the Roman principle of auctoritas-augmentum, which Weil re oriented in its very root toward the implacable logic of an increasingly limitless imperialism. Furthermore, through the Virgilian dictum of “parcere subiectis et debellare superbos” (to show mercy to the conquered and to subdue the proud; Aeneid, VI, 51), Weil defined the basis for the negation of all rights to the defeated enemy who refuses humiliation, not to mention the terrifying project of “totum sub leges mittere orbem” (the whole world placed under law), which is grounded in the gradual identification of Urbs with Orbis, and thus of law, with dominium.

Keywords:   Hannah Arendt, Simone Weil, violence, deceit, auctoritas-augmentum, philosophy

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