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Being BrainsMaking the Cerebral Subject$
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Fernando Vidal and Francisco Ortega

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780823276073

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823276073.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FORDHAM SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.fordham.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Fordham University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2019

To Begin With

To Begin With

Chapter:
(p.1) To Begin With
Source:
Being Brains
Author(s):

Fernando Vidal

Francisco Ortega

Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:10.5422/fordham/9780823276073.003.0001

The introduction presents the basic question this book seeks to explore: How did the idea that humans are essentially their brains become thinkable? It also positions itself not “against” brain research, but against some of the most extravagant claims of the “neuro.” It explains that although the book does not explicitly explore the biopolitical repercussions of the neurosciences, it is “political” in the general sense that it deals with processes that touch on people’s lives, the constitution of subjectivities, and the distribution of power within societies. The introduction also presents the book’s threefold argument: First, the identification between brain and mind was made possible by early modern scientific and philosophical developments that affected notions of personhood. Second, neuroscientific research did not substantiate the “cerebralization” of personhood either conceptually or empirically; rather, it is an underlying presupposition that dictates the way research is done and its results interpreted. Finally, despite its powerful rhetoric, the cerebralization of personhood is neither necessary nor inevitable.

Keywords:   biopolitics, cerebralization, neural turn, personhood, subjectivation

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