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Blackpentecostal BreathThe Aesthetics of Possibility$

Ashon T. Crawley

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780823274543

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823274543.001.0001

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(p.305) Index

(p.305) Index

Source:
Blackpentecostal Breath
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
acoustemology, 61
Africa, 41, 97, 105–6, 148, 184, 233;
Hegel on, 146–47, 195;
“invention of,” 150;
Kant on, 120, 123, 141;
literacy and, 166–67
African-American designation, 87
African-American music characteristics, 169–70, 174–75
African Methodist Episcopal Church, 22, 87–88, 136
Afro-Arabic traditions, 92, 97, 100;
saut, 28, 93, 95, 96–99, 103, 108, 119
agnosticism, 137, 180, 209, 226–27, 264
alienation, 28, 74, 82, 142–43, 163, 175;
“natal,” 70, 80, 243
Allewaert, Monique, 89, 90
Althaus-Reid, Marcella, 14, 17
“America” concept, 87, 217
Asad, Talal, 188
Asberry, Ruth and Richard, 10, 193
atheological-aphilosophical mode, 4, 26–29, 41, 48, 72, 86, 89, 91–92, 108, 119, 144, 162, 241;
in Baldwin, 250
Austin, J. L., 95
“avoidance, politics of,” 29, 37, 91–92, 100, 144, 159, 181–82, 188, 190, 192, 269, 285n10
Bailey, Cornelia, 100–101
Bailly, Jean-Christophe, 27, 47
Baldwin, James, 15–16, 17–20, 238–39, 243–50, 257
Baraka, Amiri, 230
Barrett, Lindon, 166
Bauer, Bruno, 25–26, 158
Beaudoin, Tom, 14
Benjamin, Andrew, 15, 218, 242
Benjamin, Walter, 149
Bermudez, Julio, 50, 60
Biondi, Martha, 236, 300n76
black English, 238–39
black holiness movement, 287n47
blackness, 3, 4, 20, 28, 67, 78, 83–84, 122, 145–46, 210;
aversion to, 7–8, 26, 34, 40, 91–93, 95, 114, 124, 134, 137–38, 159, 165, 188, 214, 241;
Burke on, 139–42;
It-Effect of, 64–65;
language and, 238–39;
noise and, 140, 143, 144, 245;
theology and, 12–13, 25, 92–93, 127–29
Blackpentecostalism, 4–5, 26, 37–38, 40, 77, 86–87, 105, 176, 193–94, 237;
aesthetics of, 3–8, 24, 25, 30, 34, 61, 144, 150, 167, 210–11, 225, 241, 250;
Baldwin and, 15–16;
exile concept in, 87–89;
the flesh and, 4–5, 7, 23–24, 74, 136;
genesis of, 4, 7, 8, (p.306) 99–11, 37, 39, 40–41, 88, 101–2, 104, 207;
“nevertheless” and “in spite of” responses, 74, 80, 81–82;
Spirit (Holy Ghost) in, 159–62, 193, 207–9;
tradition of, 5, 7, 9, 21–22, 24, 135
Blackpentecostal practices:
dancing, 7, 28, 92, 107, 136;
excessiveness of, 23–24, 159, 166;
noisemaking, 4–7, 28–29, 98, 139, 142–47, 149, 151, 159, 161, 166–68, 174, 196, 205, 214, 268;
“nothing music,” 257–58, 260;
shouting, 4, 28, 38, 91–92, 93–111, 119, 130, 132–38, 146, 169, 182, 225, 287n43;
singing, 7, 29, 60, 159–61, 182;
speaking in tongues, 4, 5, 7, 10, 29, 39, 88, 162, 168, 193–94, 206–­17, 220–21, 239, 268;
spirit baptism, 10–11, 209, 215;
spirit writing, 208;
tarrying (Tarry Service), 4, 10, 28–29, 91, 144, 159, 166–69, 210;
testifying (Testimony Service), 28–29, 39, 43, 81, 91, 144, 159–63, 168–69, 259;
whooping, 4, 5, 7, 27, 38, 42–43, 46–50, 55, 59, 65–66, 75, 83–84, 231
black pneuma, 30, 38, 40–41, 44, 48, 59, 67–68, 77–80, 83, 86, 175, 255, 269
Blackqueerness, 238, 247, 252–53, 255, 268
black social life, 6, 22–23, 29, 37–38, 69, 78, 105, 146, 205–6, 209–10;
black English and, 238;
Islamic influence on, 97. See also sociality
Black Study, 3, 8, 24–25, 27, 210, 236–38, 241–43;
vs. black studies, 236, 239–41, 275n1, 300n76
black womanist theology, 12, 14, 16, 20
Blassingame, John, 94
blues, the, 12–16, 18–21, 255
breathing, 27, 30, 32–50, 55, 59–75, 78–­86, 103, 115, 136–37, 206, 255;
during childbirth, 156–57;
in poetry, 219–­20;
sociality of, 40, 62
Brooks, Daphne, 156
Brooks, Gwendolyn, 76, 84
Brown, Kendal, 31
Brown, Michael, 79
Buck-Morss, Susan, 52–53, 54
Burke, Edmund, 139–42, 244
Burrell, Kim, 259
Butler, Judith, 59, 267
Butts Miracle Temple COGIC, 166
Calvinism, 28, 86, 92–94, 126–28, 134–­35, 143, 223
Calvino, Italo, Invisible Cities, 55, 61, 62, 79
catechism, 163–65, 182–83
categorical distinctions, 3–5, 11, 13–15, 20, 30, 42, 73, 82, 84, 86–87, 93, 213;
in Kant, 111–24;
noise and, 139, 140, 142, 145
centrifugitivity, 95, 103–4, 106, 107–8, 145, 169, 180, 182, 190
Certeau, Michel de, 61
Chandler, Nahum, 24, 31, 41, 79, 87, 127–28, 150–51, 216–17, 221, 233–34, 245, 295n119
Chauncy, Charles, 184
choreographic protocol and itinerary, 28, 92–94, 135;
philosophy as, 114
choreosonic performance, 23, 28–29, 63, 91, 93–96, 99, 102, 104, 108–9, 112, 137–38, 146, 159, 160, 167, 182, 190;
Baldwin and, 245;
Jacobs and, 152–­55;
repetition in, 163
church ceilings, 129–31
Church of God in Christ (COGIC), 24, 44, 76–79, 104, 160, 162, 208
ciprieré communities, 88–91. See also marronage
Clark, Twinkie, 132
(p.307) Clark-Cole, Dorinda, 43–45, 49–50, 60–61, 83–85
Cobb, Clarence, 251–52
Coley, Darryl, 259
colonialism, 14, 37, 81, 216, 221
coloniality, 41, 81, 140, 147, 151, 196
commoning, 33–34, 65, 69, 173
Cone, James, 71–72
Copeland, M. Shawn, 6
Crawford, Evans E., 42–43, 44
Creel, Margaret Washington, 135
crisis aversion, 176–77, 180, 181
culture, 227–28
Daniels, David Douglas, 167–69, 287n47
Declaration of Independence, 218–19
Delany, Samuel, 89–90, 257
Deleuze, Gilles, 48, 286n35
Derrida, Jacques, 220, 221, 237, 238, 259
dervishes, 101
diaspora concept, 64, 73
directionality, 84, 90, 96, 99–101, 104, 107, 108, 225
discontinuity, 52–53, 55
Dorsey, Thomas A., 19
Douglas, Kelly Brown, 12–15, 20
Du Bois, W.E.B., 48, 114, 167, 200, 220
Duke, J. C., 66
Durham, William H., 213–14
Edwards, Jonathan, 92, 124–27, 128–­29, 134–35, 183–84, 186;
on direct experience, 187–88
Einstein, Albert, 82
embarrassment, 7, 26, 29
Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 234–35
empathy, 23, 154
enclosure, 164, 173
enfleshment, 6, 19, 60, 84–85, 95, 109, 188
Enlightenment thought, 11, 28, 44, 92–94, 103, 112–16, 121–22, 124, 134, 137, 159, 189, 210;
Fichte and, 227–­28;
Hume on, 186;
Kant on, 244;
sound in, 143–44, 244–45. See also impenetrability
enthusiasm, 92, 98, 108, 114, 127–28, 143, 159, 182, 184–89;
Hume on, 186–87;
Islamophobia and, 295
enunciation, 36, 79, 164, 222
Equiano, Olaudah, 35, 223
essentialism and authenticity, 210–11
Evening Light Saints, 9–10, 39
Evens, Aden, 267–68
exhaustion, 102, 103–4, 107, 134, 136, 178–­79;
Deleuze on, 286n35
exteriorization, 5, 189
Facts of Life, The (TV show), 48
Fanon, Frantz, 86, 106, 264, 287n43
Farrow, Lucy, 10
Fichte, Johann Gottlieb, 227–29, 234, 237
First Church of Deliverance, 251–53
Fisher, Henry, 215
Fisk Jubilee Singers, 29, 204–6, 220, 227, 240
Fisk University, 204–5
flesh vs. body distinction, 59, 72
Fliegelman, Jay, 218
Floyd, Samuel, 169, 174
Foucault, Michel, 8, 24, 62, 235, 268
Frazier, E. Franklin, 266
Garner, Eric, 1–2, 3, 6
Garr, A. G., 215
Gilkes, Cheryl Townsend, 78
Glissant, Édouard, 64, 73, 239
glossographia, 208–9, 219–20
glossolalia, 200–201, 207, 219–26, 236;
the university and, 220–21, 227, 234–­35, 238, 241, 250;
Gordon, Avery, 256
Great Awakening revivals, 28, 92, 98, 114, 123–24, 134, 137, 182–84
Hahn, Steven, 294n91
Hammond, Laurens, 251, 253
Hammond B-3 organ, 45, 232, 251–57, 261–62, 267–69;
Leslie speakers, 254–55
Hare, Nathan, 242
Harney, Stephano, 237, 275n1
Harris, Cheryl, 6
Harris, Laura, 37
Harris, Sam, 25
Harris, Trudier, 64
Hartman, Saidiya, 24, 33, 154
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, 15;
on Africa, 146–47, 195
Heidegger, Martin, 60, 83, 89, 155, 199, 258, 263;
on translation, 226, 234
Heilbut, Anthony, 169, 252
Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 95
historical being, 28–29, 147–48, 149–51, 169
historicity (and the historical), 8, 147–­48, 151, 195–96
Holiday, Billie, 63–64, 65, 230
Holiness Pentecostal Church, 2121–22
Hooke, Robert, 143
Hume, David, 120–21, 184, 186–87
Hurston, Zora Neale, 105–6, 107, 159, 210
impenetrability, 112, 116, 121, 137, 198, 209, 235
“I’ve Been Down in Jesus’ Name” (song), 163
Jackson, Jerma, 49
Jacobs, Harriet, 35, 48, 151–55, 157–58, 196, 241, 242–43
Jennings, Willie James, 188
Jenny (slave), 28–29, 189–91, 196
“John Brown’s Body” (song), 95
Johnson, James P., 18
Johnson, James Weldon, 179, 257
Johnson, W. G., 208
Jordan, June, 238–39, 242
Judy, Ronald, 94, 159, 239–40, 286n28
Kant, Immanuel, 11, 28, 73, 92, 109–24, 141–42, 150, 175, 244;
aversion in, 111–­13, 115, 121–23, 179, 288n54;
on race, 120–23, 129, 141, 195;
on time, 118–19;
transcendental aesthetic in, 116–18, 120, 126, 147, 150, 165
Kärkkäinen, Veli-Matti, 39
kinship, 70–71
Koerner, Michelle, 83, 90
Kornegay, EL, Jr., 15–16, 17, 20
Ku Klux Klan, 214
Labat, Jean-Baptiste, 121
LaBelle, Patti, 111
Lambert, Frank, 285n11
Larsen, Nella, Quicksand, 257, 264–67, 268
Latrobe, Benjamin, 142
Lee, Edward S., 10, 193
Lewis, George E., 229
“Lift Him Up” (song), 160
Linebaugh, Peter, 164, 174, 223–24
Locke, Iona, 231
Locke, John, 53, 70
Lockley, Timothy James, 90
Los Angeles Ministerial Association, 145
Lucier, Alvin, 203
Luddites, 173–74
lynching, 27, 63, 64–80, 82, 115;
(p.309) crucifixion parallel, 71–72;
photographs of, 64, 71, 73–74
Mackey, Nathaniel, 19, 24, 97–98, 106–7, 154–55
Malabou, Catherine, 222, 241
Mallory, Arenia C., 162
marronage, 89–91, 137, 242
Marx, Karl:
on alienation, 175;
on labor, 171–72;
on political emancipation, 25–26, 158–59, 173;
and wife Jenny, 29, 190–93
Masaoka, Yuri, et al., 67
Mason, Charles Harrison, 76–77, 104–5, 107–8, 135, 208–9, 215, 225, 287n47;
“Yes, Lord” and, 162
Massumi, Brian, 53, 60
Mather, Cotton, 163, 182–83
Mbembe, Achille, 80–81, 83
Mbiti, John, 148–49
McGee, Ford Washington, 160, 176, 254
McQueen, Steve, 201
memory, 101;
and rememory, 75
Methodism, 98, 288n73
Middle Passage, 5, 20, 72, 79, 96, 210
Mingus, Charles, 21–22
Moltmann, Jürgen, 39, 40, 41–42
Moore, Jenny Evans, 29, 193–94, 196
Morris, Kenneth, 251
Morrison, Toni, 238;
Beloved, 48, 78, 80, 91;
Playing in the Dark, 93, 125, 267
Moten, Fred, 24, 31, 48, 237, 275n1
Moth’s Powder, excerpts from, 55–59, 129–34, 229–33, 258–64
Moynihan Report, 177
Mudimbe, Valentin, 150
NAACP, 65, 74
National Baptist Convention, 88
Native Americans, 90, 124, 127–28, 140, 172, 189, 233
New Atheist movement, 25
Newton, Isaac, 75, 82–83, 147, 150
“New World Project,” 188–89
New York Conspiracy of 1741, 124–26
Northup, Solomon, 200–204
nothingness, 197–99, 202, 208, 226, 243–44
Oatman, Johnson, 160
Olson, Charles, 219–20
Olzak, Susan, 66–67
“otherwise possibilities,” 2, 6–7, 23, 24, 82, 241;
queerness and, 17, 31;
in slave narratives, 32
Parham, Charles, 10, 11, 212–13, 215–17, 220, 279n20
parti drawings, 50–55, 59, 61, 62, 83
Patterson, Orlando, 70, 83, 243
Paul, 221, 237, 263
Payne, Daniel Alexander, 136, 178–80
Pentecost (origin story), 38, 39–40, 168, 217–18, 221–22
Pentecostal Assemblies of the World, 213
Pentecostalism, 9–11, 37, 38–39, 88;
Finished Work doctrine, 213–14;
Holiness-Pentecostals, 87–89, 91;
Oneness movement, 163, 213;
“pentecostal principle” (Wariboko), 33–34, 74;
periodicals, 108
Pentecostal Temple COGIC, 161, 165
perfection, 80, 165, 228–34, 237
personhood, 29, 77, 181, 208, 210, 216, 226
Phelan, Peggy, 186
philosophy:
common sense vs., 15;
Kant on, 114–15;
movement and, 110. See also theology-philosophy dyad
“pious disposition” ideal, 170, 293n82
Piper, Adrian, 180–81
(p.310) pneumatology, 27, 38–42, 83. See also black pneuma
Pound, Ezra, 19
Poythress, Vern S., 207
preaching, 42–46, 231–32;
female approach to, 44–46, 49–50, 60–61, 83–85
predestination, 28, 86, 127, 147, 182, 223;
literacy and, 285n11
primitivism and superstition, 25, 143, 150, 158, 178–79, 184, 186, 209, 213, 220
purposiveness:
Kant on, 122–24, 183;
in theology, 129
queer theology, 17;
church attendance and, 31, 252–53
racialization, 11–12, 25, 30, 172, 188, 211, 213–15
racism, 1–2, 3, 5, 182, 214
Raiford, Leigh, 73
Rainey, Ma, 19
Ridley, John, 201
Ring Shout, 28, 93, 95–97, 101–4, 106–8, 119, 130, 135–36;
Payne on, 178–79
Roach, Joseph, 64–65, 188
Robe, James, 184
Robinson, Cedric, 149, 171, 184–85
Roof, Dylan, 22–23
Rosenberg, Jordana, 185, 295n119
Ryland, Robert, 163, 165
Salaita, Steven, 148
Sanders, Cheryl, 87–88
Sapelo Island, 99–102
Saul, Scott, 21
Scandrett-Leatherman, Craig, 77–78
Schmidt, Leigh Eric, 143–44
scholars:
Emerson on, 234–35;
Fichte on, 227–28, 237
screaming, 69, 73, 75, 102, 105, 156–57
secularism, 14, 28, 158, 185, 188
self-determination, 171, 172–73, 176, 183, 189, 195
Sells, Michael, 202
Seymour, William, 9–11, 41, 104–5, 108, 145, 193, 212, 214–15, 279n20
Sheppard, Ella, 205
Shukaitis, Stevphen, 224–25, 235–36, 241
silence, 74–76, 168;
in Baldwin, 243–46
Silva, Denise Ferreira da, 8, 24, 27, 31, 114, 127, 147–48, 188, 221;
on irrationality, 233;
on self-determination, 172–73
Simone, Nina, 63–64, 65
slave narratives, 32–33, 34–36, 94, 152–­54, 156, 200
slavery, 5, 37, 70, 80, 82, 83, 94–­95, 102, 125–26, 128, 166–67, 169–72, 184–85, 188–89, 209, 210, 243;
catechism and, 163–­66, 182–83;
Islamic presence in, 97;
Luddism and, 174;
in New Orleans, 89;
“scientific” studies of, 240;
slave ship communication, 153, 223–24;
social death under, 70, 78, 80 102;
sound of, 153–54, 169–71, 244
Smith, Bessie, 18
Smith, James K. A., 209–10, 211, 217
Smith, Mark, 244
sociality, 61–62, 74, 136, 141, 176;
in Islam, 96, 99;
Jacobs and, 158;
Northup and, 201–2;
Tubman and, 113
Spence, Mary, 205
Spencer, Jon Michael, 161
Spillers, Hortense, 23–24, 31, 59, 60–61, 64, 128, 149, 167, 220
spirituals and gospel music, 102, 155, 204–6, 257, 259
Stanley, William, 71, 73
(p.311) Stokes, Juandolyn, 44, 45–46, 49–50, 60–61, 66, 83–85
“Strange Fruit” (song), 63, 65
subjectivity, 4, 24–25, 28, 179, 181, 206;
blackness and, 122
sublime, the, 115, 118, 139–42, 244
Sufism, 101
Tatum, Art, 229–31
Taves, Anne, 98, 129, 184, 187, 288n73
“Testifyin’ Meetin’” (song), 160, 163
Thelwall, John, 164
theological tradition, 11–18, 20, 44;
delimitation of thought in, 143, 145, 165, 181, 214;
direct experience in, 186–88;
performative practices in, 25–26, 158
theology-philosophy dyad, 4, 5–6, 26, 30, 38, 86, 139;
aversion in, 178–81, 195, 212–13, 233–34. See also Kant, Immanuel
theory vs. aesthetics, 94, 106, 159, 214, 216–17, 228
“This Is the Day” (song), 259–60
Till-Mobley, Mamie, 243
time:
linear (western), 33–34, 75, 82, 87, 119–20, 146, 148, 150, 200, 242;
Kant on 118–19;
Heidegger on, 155;
potential, 148–49, 160;
work and, 172, 175
Tomlinson, A. J., 211–12
translation vs. interpretation, 217–22, 226, 234
Tubman, Harriet, 35, 113
Turner, Lorenzo Dow, 96, 97, 103
Underwood, Ben, 61–62
vestibularity, 31, 149, 167, 172
Wacker, Grant, 105, 212
Wagner, Bryan, 89
Wariboko, Nimi, 33–34, 74
Washington, Salim, 255
Watson, John Fanning, 98
Wells-Barnett, Isa B., 27, 65–69, 72, 74, 76
Wesley, Charles, 184
Wesley, John, 105–6
Westphalen, Jenny von, 29, 190–93, 196
White, George L., 204–5
White, Shane and Graham, 169, 174–75, 244
Whitefield, George, 92, 127–29, 135, 183–­84, 186, 285n11
whiteness, 6, 13, 25, 66–67, 69, 71, 80, 146, 175, 213;
Christianity and, 183, 214;
language of, 239;
silence and, 74–76
white supremacism, 22–23, 72, 148, 214
Wilderson, Frank, 212
Woodman, Britt, 21
Wright-Jones, Rochelle, 293n71
Wynter, Sylvia, 41, 81, 147, 151, 195–96
xenolalia. See glossolalia
xenophobia, 180–81
“Yes, Lord” (song/chant), 161–63, 165–­66, 167, 232
Zarruq, Ahmad, 101
Zuckerkandl, Victor, 19, 74, 256, 257–58