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Citizen SubjectFoundations for Philosophical Anthropology$
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Étienne Balibar

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780823273607

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823273607.001.0001

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Bourgeois Universality and Anthropological Differences

Bourgeois Universality and Anthropological Differences

(p.275) Fourteen: Bourgeois Universality and Anthropological Differences
Citizen Subject

Étienne Balibar

, Steven Miller
Fordham University Press

This chapter articulates the relationship between the political categories of modernity and the question to which its metaphysics always returns: that of subjectivity, endowed with consciousness—perhaps affected with unconsciousness—and with rights, duties, or individual and collective missions. It examines this relationship on the level of the history of ideas, morals, and social relations, and also articulates it as a conceptual unity that helps to clarify certain existential and institutional problems. In so doing, this chapter asks whether they are still our problems (and why) or whether they are already on the wane (and how). This discussion is thus schematic, incomplete, and preliminary, not only in its “conclusions” but also in its formulations.

Keywords:   modernity, subjectivity, consciousness, unconsciousness, conceptual unity, existential problems, institutional problems, bourgeois universality, anthropological differences

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