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The Retreats of ReconstructionRace, Leisure, and the Politics of Segregation at the New Jersey Shore, 1865-1920$
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David E. Goldberg

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780823272716

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823272716.001.0001

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Occupying Jim Crow

Occupying Jim Crow

(p.38) 2 Occupying Jim Crow
The Retreats of Reconstruction

David E. Goldberg

Fordham University Press

Chapter 2 details how black workers responded to the resistance of white tourists and the ambiguous state of segregation in the late 1880s and early 1890s. In their campaigns to desegregate public and commercial leisure space, black activists used violent and non-violent resistance to manipulate class divisions among whites and fight against discrimination by claiming full rights as citizens and free choice as consumers. By claiming that the right to consume was equal to the right to work, black workers helped refute free labor ideology as the basis of economic freedom.

Keywords:   civil disobedience, common law, free consumer, free labor ideology, integrated leisure, Jersey Shore, segregation

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