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Educational Reconstruction$
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Hilary Green

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780823270118

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823270118.001.0001

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No Longer Slaves

No Longer Slaves

Black Mobilians and the Hard Struggle for Schools, 1865–1870

(p.36) 2 No Longer Slaves
Educational Reconstruction

Hilary Green

Fordham University Press

This chapter explores black Mobilians’ hard struggle for the African American education after Confederate defeat. Intense white opposition led by Josiah Nott, arson, and antagonisms with Creoles of Color threatened their goal of becoming a literate people. Black Mobilians overcame these challenges and proved that they were no longer slaves. By remaining steadfast in purpose, this chapter argues that black Mobilians and their partnerships with the Freedmen’s Bureau and American Missionary Association remade the postwar landscape to include the African American schoolhouse in Mobile and firmly embedded African American education as a state constitutional right of citizenship.

Keywords:   American Missionary Association, Creoles of Color, Freedmen’s Bureau, Mobile, Alabama, state constitutions

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