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Too Great a Burden to Bear – The Struggle and Failure of the Freedmen's Bureau in Texas - Fordham Scholarship Online
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Too Great a Burden to Bear: The Struggle and Failure of the Freedmen's Bureau in Texas

Christopher B. Bean


In its brief seven-year existence, the Freedmen’s Bureau became the epicenter of the debate about Reconstruction. Cognizant of its responsibilities, partisans fiercely debated its necessity. Historians continued that debate about the agency’s policies and necessity. But historians have only recently begun to focus on the Bureau’s personnel in Texas, the individual agents termed the “hearts of Reconstruction.” Not ignoring individual experiences and attitudes, this work focuses on them at a more personal level. Where were they from? Were they wealthy? Were they married or single? Did the agency ... More

Keywords: apprenticeship, domesticity and gender, freedpeople, labor, nineteenth-century military, racism and violence, Reconstruction, subassistant commissioners, Texas politics and government, United States Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2016 Print ISBN-13: 9780823268757
Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: January 2017 DOI:10.5422/fordham/9780823268757.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Christopher B. Bean, author
East Central University