Rather than a concept or a historical event, in this book political theology is interpreted as what Foucault called a dispositif: a machine that produces determinate effects. The most important of these is the domination or exclusion of one part of the human race by another. Despite the significant variety of historical situations and theories that represent them, this mechanism reproduces itself in all periods of Western thought, starting at least from the spread of Christian doctrine. The difficulty of freeing ourselves from this dispositif arises from the fact that our conceptual language is largely formulated in political-theological terms. As both Carl Schmitt and Martin Heidegger observed, the very notion of “secularization,” like a reverse side, is internal to the logic of political theology that it seeks to deconstruct.
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