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The Varieties of Transcendence$
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Hermann Deuser, Hans Joas, Matthias Jung, and Magnus Schlette

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780823267576

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823267576.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FORDHAM SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.fordham.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Fordham University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FSO for personal use.date: 02 August 2021

Theory of Religion in a Pragmatic Philosophical Theology

Theory of Religion in a Pragmatic Philosophical Theology

(p.270) Theory of Religion in a Pragmatic Philosophical Theology
The Varieties of Transcendence

Robert Cummings Neville

Fordham University Press

This chapter proposes a theory of religion based on a pragmatic philosophical theology. It begins by proposing a definition of religion intended as a hypothesis for organizing the inquiry. The hypothesis is that religion is human engagement of ultimacy expressed in cognitive articulations, existential responses to ultimacy that give ultimate definition to the individual, and patterns of life and ritual in the face of ultimacy. The chapter introduces the idea that our existence is shaped by ultimate reality and goes on to discuss a pragmatic theory of religion in which the analysis of religious life is rooted in the contemporary religious situation and moves backward to understand the intertwining of roots from earlier stages. It explores the ramifications of this pragmatic theory of religion for how to think about symbolic engagement, metaphysics, semiotics, comparative philosophy and theology, the involvement of many disciplines in articulating ultimacy, the nature of existential self-definition, and the social and personal inhabitation of sacred worldviews.

Keywords:   theory of religion, theology, ultimacy, existence, ultimate reality, religious life, symbolic engagement, metaphysics, semiotics, sacred worldview

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