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The Varieties of Transcendence$
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Hermann Deuser, Hans Joas, Matthias Jung, and Magnus Schlette

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780823267576

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823267576.001.0001

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Pragmatic or Pragmatist / Pragmaticist Philosophy of Religion?

Pragmatic or Pragmatist / Pragmaticist Philosophy of Religion?

(p.253) Pragmatic or Pragmatist / Pragmaticist Philosophy of Religion?
The Varieties of Transcendence

Hermann Deuser

Fordham University Press

This chapter examines classical pragmatism— founded by Charles Sanders Peirce and William James in New England—as a philosophy of religion. It begins with an overview of philosophical pragmatism's basic idea, which stems from a simple observation: “people's…behavioral patterns are determined in a polar field between the feeling of believing and the associated actions. What disturbs this perfectly natural ability to judge and necessitates restabilizing is doubt,” being “a kind of destructive feedback” that initiates a process of inquiry. The chapter also discusses the implications of the theory of knowledge that derive from the interrerelationships among life, belief, and doubt, along with its foundation in a practical encounter with reality. It concludes by assessing Peirce's late philosophy of pragmaticism and his evolutionary metaphysics as a praxis-bound cosmology.

Keywords:   pragmatism, Charles Sanders Peirce, William James, philosophy of religion, knowledge, life, belief, doubt, metaphysics, cosmology

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