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The Varieties of Transcendence$
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Hermann Deuser, Hans Joas, Matthias Jung, and Magnus Schlette

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780823267576

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823267576.001.0001

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Avoiding the Dichotomy of “either the individual or the collectivity”

Avoiding the Dichotomy of “either the individual or the collectivity”

Josiah Royce on Community, and on James’s Concept of Religion

(p.236) Avoiding the Dichotomy of “either the individual or the collectivity”
The Varieties of Transcendence

Ludwig Nagl

Fordham University Press

This chapter explores Josiah Royce's views on community and on William James's concept of religion. More specifically, it considers Royce's account of the “social depth structure of religion” as opposed to the celebration of progressive individualization in modern society. It explains how Royce resituates pragmatism by conceptualizing human understanding as a community-related type of knowledge that builds upon Peircian semiotics. It also examines Royce's rejection of the dyad “detached individual”/“collectivity” in his philosophy of religion, along with his development of the religious ideas contained in his pragmaticist philosophy in the light of—but in opposition to—the background of Ludwig Feuerbach and Friedrich Nietzsche's claims that God is nothing but our projection. The chapter concludes by assessing Royce's concept of community in relation to Charles Sanders Peirce's insight and to Immanuel Kant and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel's conceptualization of the relation between the self and the other.

Keywords:   community, Josiah Royce, William James, religion, individualization, pragmatism, knowledge, philosophy of religion, God, Charles Sanders Peirce

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