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The Varieties of Transcendence$
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Hermann Deuser, Hans Joas, Matthias Jung, and Magnus Schlette

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780823267576

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823267576.001.0001

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“Man’s highest developments are social”

“Man’s highest developments are social”

The Individual and the Social in Peirce’s Philosophy of Religion

(p.158) “Man’s highest developments are social”
The Varieties of Transcendence

Gesche Linde

Fordham University Press

This chapter explores some of the semiotic presuppositions and implications of Charles Sanders Peirce's philosophy of religion from the perspective of his semiotic final draft of 1905. More specifically, it examines religion in the individual and the relation between religion and community within the context of semiotics. It considers Peirce's concept of perception, whereby he claims that perception is the semiotic process that leads from a percept to a perceptual judgment, thereby imbuing sensual immediateness with semantic value, and that it is perception through which religion originates in the individual. It also discusses the way that the perception thesis offers Peirce manifold explanatory force to come to terms with religion as well as Peirce's claim that religious experience has an intrinsically social character. Finally, it highlights the intrinsic epistemological problems of the perception thesis and introduces Peirce's concept of abduction as a means of solving these problems.

Keywords:   semiotics, Charles Sanders Peirce, philosophy of religion, religion, individual, community, perception, perceptual judgment, religious experience, abduction

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