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Migrant Hearts and the Atlantic ReturnTransnationalism and the Roman Catholic Church$
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Valentina Napolitano

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780823267484

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823267484.001.0001

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Migrant Terrains in Italy and Rome

Migrant Terrains in Italy and Rome

(p.19) 1. Migrant Terrains in Italy and Rome
Migrant Hearts and the Atlantic Return

Valentina Napolitano

Fordham University Press

Italian migrant legislation has become increasingly restrictive and based on ius sanguinis (right of blood/birth descent), rather than ius solis (right of the soil/place of birth). This chapter reads changes in the Italian legislative system in relation to local municipal policies on migration of the two mayors of Rome, Walter Veltroni and Gianni Alemanno. These two mayors have held two different political stands toward Roman heritage as it relates to the Catholic Church and to transnational migration. The chapter introduces the Latin American Mission in Rome, a system of parishes dedicated to different national, Catholic groups in Rome, and illustrates through particular ethnographic examples how the presence of migrants in Roman public spaces ignites tensions, fears, and nostalgia for a clear center/periphery of “civilization.” Finally, the chapter charts key Council Vatican II’s changes in matters of migration and begins to map the different souls of the Catholic Church that have been marked by these current revisions.

Keywords:   Gianni Alemanno, Catholic Church, immigration laws, mayorship, Rome, Second Vatican Council, Walter Veltroni

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