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Democracy, Culture, CatholicismVoices from Four Continents$
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Michael J. Schuck and John Crowley-Buck

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780823267309

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823267309.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FORDHAM SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.fordham.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Fordham University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FSO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

Democracy and Catholicism in Twentieth-Century Lithuania

Democracy and Catholicism in Twentieth-Century Lithuania

(p.17) Democracy and Catholicism in Twentieth-Century Lithuania
Democracy, Culture, Catholicism

Arūnas Streikus

Fordham University Press

Lithuania’s first democratic government was established in 1918 and sustained by active participation of Catholic political parties (e.g., Lithuanian Christian Democrat’s Party), clergy (e.g., Bishop Jurgis Matulaitis), and grassroots movements (e.g., Ateitis). Though suppressed by Soviet rule in 1940, German Nazi occupation in 1941, and absolute Soviet control in 1944, clandestine action by Catholic clergy, social groups, and publishers (e.g., The Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania) kept the dream of Lithuanian independence alive. Nevertheless, Catholicism has had minimal impact on Lithuania’s political culture since the return to democracy in 1990. Most Lithuanian Catholics were unprepared for effective participation in the new democracy after decades of Soviet propaganda and isolation of the Catholic Church from intellectual developments at the Second Vatican Council.

Keywords:   Ateitis, The Chronicle of the Catholic Church in Lithuania, Lithuanian Christian Democrat’s Party, Nazi occupation, Second Vatican Council, Soviet propaganda, Soviet Union

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