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The Bread of the StrongLacouturisme and the Folly of the Cross, 1910-1985$
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Jack Downey

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780823265435

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823265435.001.0001

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Mackerel Snappers in the US Industrial Era

Mackerel Snappers in the US Industrial Era

(p.117) 4 Mackerel Snappers in the US Industrial Era
The Bread of the Strong

Jack Lee Downey

Fordham University Press

This chapter discusses the rise of Lacouturisme in the United States during the industrial era. It explains how Onésime Lacouture's ascetic, mystical antimodernism found a receptive audience among enthusiastic vowed religious in America. It examines Lacouturisme's muscular Catholic critique of the fundamental underpinnings of American culture and how radicalized, proletarian-minded clergy filled the vacuum created by the rise of industrial mechanization and attendant consolidation of wealth in the United States at the turn of the century. It also considers the Second Industrial Revolution during the Gilded Age that led to the presupposition that progress was inevitable; how the “myth of progress” opened up avenues for asserting a measure of Catholic exceptionalism; the U.S. bishops' self-organization and formal engagement with the “Social Question”; the American hierarchy's support for organized labor; and institutional Catholicism's role in American socio-economic criticism.

Keywords:   progress, Lacouturisme, United States, Onésime Lacouture, clergy, Second Industrial Revolution, Gilded Age, Catholic exceptionalism, organized labor, Catholicism

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