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The Bread of the StrongLacouturisme and the Folly of the Cross, 1910-1985$
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Jack Downey

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780823265435

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823265435.001.0001

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Canadien Identity, Nationalism, and Muscular Catholicism

Canadien Identity, Nationalism, and Muscular Catholicism

(p.20) 1 Canadien Identity, Nationalism, and Muscular Catholicism
The Bread of the Strong

Jack Lee Downey

Fordham University Press

This chapter explores the narrative of Catholic history in Canada, and particularly Québec. It begins with an overview of Québecois Catholicism under British rule and its adoption of many conventional stereotypes of American “ghetto Catholicism.” It then considers how, in the decades bookending World War I, French Canadians—les Canadiens—displayed a somewhat confounding self-identity in the face of Protestant British occupation. It also examines the impact of modernization, urbanization, ethnic diversity, and industrialization on French Canadian identity during the early twentieth century in Québec; how the francophone nativist rendering of history contributed to the construction of Québecois nationalism; and the perceived threat of Jews and Freemasons to the Canadien psyche. Finally, it discusses the shift in Québecois culture that paved the way for the Quiet Revolution of the 1960s.

Keywords:   nationalism, Catholic history, Canada, Québec, Catholicism, Canadiens, French Canadian identity, Jews, Freemasons, Quiet Revolution

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