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Dante and Islam$
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Jan M. Ziolkowski

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780823263868

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823263868.001.0001

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Philosophers, Theologians, and the Islamic Legacy in Dante:

Philosophers, Theologians, and the Islamic Legacy in Dante:

Inferno 4 versus Paradiso 4

(p.95) Philosophers, Theologians, and the Islamic Legacy in Dante
Dante and Islam

Brenda Deen Schildgen

Fordham University Press

This essay argues that in Paradiso 4, Dante offers a retrospective consideration of Inferno 4 in which he re-examines the learned traditions and poetic practices of ancient Greek and medieval Arab philosophy. Whereas in the Convivio Dante had attempted to accommodate the differences about the relative influence of heavenly bodies on the human soul as outlined by ancient Greek and medieval Arabic philosophers, in the Commedia he clearly rejects this position. Following Thomas Aquinas, in which Christ is the means to unite nature and the transcendent, he endorses orthodox Christian views on the nature of the soul and the freedom of the will against the legacy of the Greeks and the Arabs.

Keywords:   Allegory, Arabic philosophy, Greek philosophy, Sufism, mi’rāj

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