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Figures of a Changing WorldMetaphor and the Emergence of Modern Culture$
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Harry Berger, Jr.

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780823257478

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823257478.001.0001

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Making Metaphors, Seeing Metonymies

Making Metaphors, Seeing Metonymies

(p.14) Three Making Metaphors, Seeing Metonymies
Figures of a Changing World

Harry Berger

Fordham University Press

This chapter examines the difference between metaphor and metonymy by way of Roman Jakobson's discourse from which four key points are highlighted. First is the idea that all tropes can be classified under metaphor and metonymy, where the former expresses internal relations of similarity and the latter focuses on the external. Secondly, metonymic relationships encompass different kinds of contiguity. Third, metaphor is identified with symbolism and poetry while metonymy is associated with realism and prose. Lastly, Jakobson perceived metaphorizing and metonymizing as processes and “acts” that can be used to diagnose speech disorders. The general tendency in the study of metaphor and metonymy is to indicate the structural distinction between the two tropes in terms of linguistic categories.

Keywords:   metaphor, metonymy, Roman Jakobson, tropes, speech disorders, linguistic categories

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