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Religious Women in Early Carolingian FranciaA Study of Manuscript Transmission and Monastic Culture$
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Felice Lifshitz

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780823256877

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823256877.001.0001

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“Through a Glass Darkly” (1 Corinthians 13:12): Textual Transmission and Historical Representation as Feminist Strategies in Early Medieval Europe

“Through a Glass Darkly” (1 Corinthians 13:12): Textual Transmission and Historical Representation as Feminist Strategies in Early Medieval Europe

Chapter:
(p.193) Chapter Nine “Through a Glass Darkly” (1 Corinthians 13:12): Textual Transmission and Historical Representation as Feminist Strategies in Early Medieval Europe
Source:
Religious Women in Early Carolingian Francia
Author(s):

Felice Lifshitz

Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:10.5422/fordham/9780823256877.003.0009

Religious Women showed how the books produced by the scriptoria of Karlburg and Kitzingen reflected the feminist consciousness of both communities by defending consecrated women’s integration into intellectual, cultural, political, and religious life. This chapter argues that there existed a textual transmission network that wove together women’s communities and facilitated their acquisition of favorable writings. It also addresses the varied roles played by men both as supporters and opponents of feminist aspirations. The chapter includes an analysis of Würzburg Universitätsbibliothek M.p.th.q. 26, an eighth-century codex from the Kitzingen library collection containing a sophisticated “Veri Amoris” libellus whose scribe-author benefited from a feminist transmission network. She forged together an abridged cento of Apponius’s commentary on the Song of Songs, Jerome’s vita Malchi, Jerome’s letter to Heliodorus, the transitus of John the Evangelist by Pseudo-Mellitus, and a vita of Euphrosyna, a female transvestite saint. This booklet used holy syneisactic couples to embody the “true love” recommended by Jerome and celebrated in the Song of Songs, and thus to justify a gender-integrated approach to the ecclesiastical sphere.

Keywords:   Würzburg Universitätsbibliothek M.p.th.q. 26, Textual transmission, Feminist strategies, Veri Amoris (True Love) libellus, Apponius, Commentary on the Song of Songs, Jerome, Life of Malchus, Jerome, Letter to Heliodorus, Pseudo-Mellitus, Transitus of John the Evangelist, Euphrosyna, transvestite saint, centos

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