This chapter examines the theory of strong textualism, which posits that physical objects are socially constructed and counts Michel Foucault as its forerunner. It first discusses Foucault's claim that humanity will disappear when the human sciences disappear. It then challenges the assumptions of strong textualism, particularly its exclusion of the possibility of an adaequatio between intellect and thing. It also discusses the historicist idea of social objects, Wilhelm Dilthey's theory of science of the spirit, and Martin Heidegger's arguments about social ontology. The chapter concludes by analyzing Jacques Derrida's statement, “There is nothing outside the text”.
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