In chapter eight, entitled “Peoples,” in the plural (peuples), Nancy undertakes to rethink the term “people.” He notes that with the word “people,” one should first not hear an ethnic identity. Second, “people” does not denote a generality of any kind, and does not refer to some principle of universality, as “nothing general exists.” An existence is never something general. Rather, it is each time singular. Nancy thus inscribes the being of “people” in singularity. Nancy stresses that a singularity is never a self-sufficient individuality, but always to be approached as plural: “being is plural or it is not.” Hence there are only singular peoples… The original condition is thus the relation (between singularities), “the space and a regime of sharing” (p. 55), and not the belonging to a substantial identity. Peoples are not identities… and humans themselves are not entirely identifiable. Identity is then thrown in the relation of the singular plurality of being.
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