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Orthodox Christianity and Nationalism in Nineteenth-Century Southeastern Europe$
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Lucian N. Leustean

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780823256068

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823256068.001.0001

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The Bulgarian Orthodox Church

The Bulgarian Orthodox Church

(p.164) Chapter 6 The Bulgarian Orthodox Church
Orthodox Christianity and Nationalism in Nineteenth-Century Southeastern Europe

Daniela N. Kalkandjieva

Fordham University Press

This chapter traces the 19th century encounter between Orthodoxy and nationalism in the Bulgarian lands. It points to the peculiarity of the Bulgarian case where the advent of nationalism preceded the establishment of a national church. In pursuit of national emancipation within the Ottoman Empire, Bulgarians ended up with ecclesiastical nationalism which aimed to preserve their ethno-religious identity by establishing a national Orthodox Church at the expense of splitting from the Ecumenical Patriarchate. The chapter reveals the main stages, features and actors of the ethno-philetism debate. It highlights Bulgarians' economic interests in establishing a national church and the crucial role played by the laity in the realization of this project.

Keywords:   Bulgarian Orthodox Church, Nationalism, National Church, Ethno-Religious Identity, Ethno-Philetism

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