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Orthodox Christianity and Nationalism in Nineteenth-Century Southeastern Europe$
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Lucian N. Leustean

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780823256068

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823256068.001.0001

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The Ecumenical Patriarchate

The Ecumenical Patriarchate

(p.14) Chapter 2 The Ecumenical Patriarchate
Orthodox Christianity and Nationalism in Nineteenth-Century Southeastern Europe

Paschalis M. Kitromilides

Fordham University Press

Nationalism as a force of change transforming European societies in the direction of modernity and secularization inevitably involved a confrontation with the Orthodox Church and with the foremost institution around which Orthodox society cohered in Southeastern Europe, the Patriarchate of Constantinople. This confrontation could be traced on three levels: first on the level of relations with the new national states of the Balkans, which claimed the autocephaly of their local churches as part of their nation-building process; secondly on the level of governance of the Orthodox community within the Ottoman Empire, a community which in the age of Ottoman reforms claimed a voice in the management of its affairs along the ecclesiastical hierarchy; thirdly on the level of relations with the Ottoman state, once the empire itself was set into the orbit of nationalist transformation.

Keywords:   Orthodox Christianity, Ecumenical Patriarchate, Enlightenment, Balkan National States, Autocephaly, Ottoman Empire, Ethno-Philetism; Ethnomartyrs

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