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Italian Women and International Cold War Politics, 1944-1968$
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Wendy Pojmann

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780823245604

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823245604.001.0001

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Opening to the Center, 1960–1963

Opening to the Center, 1960–1963

(p.131) 5 Opening to the Center, 1960–1963
Italian Women and International Cold War Politics, 1944-1968

Wendy Pojmann

Fordham University Press

The years between 1960 and 1963 are the focus of chapter five. It demonstrates that as global events of major interest, such as the 1960 election of John F. Kennedy in the United States and the first meeting of the Second Vatican Council in 1962, altered the course of the Cold War, the UDI and the CIF reaffirmed their commitment to women’s rights in Italy and beyond. On the international level, the UDI became increasingly critical of the WIDF’s inconsistent Cold War politics and walked out of its 1963 congress in Moscow in protest. Pope John XXIII’s encyclicals supporting women’s rights and the needs of citizens in poorer nations, meanwhile, invigorated the CIF, but grave financial problems threatened to put an end to the World Movement of Mothers. As this chapter demonstrates, the year 1963 was the last year that belonged to the historic postwar women’s organizations, which were already beginning to note the great economic and social shifts occurring before them.

Keywords:   John F. Kennedy, Vatican II, Christian Democrats, Secularization

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