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Italian Women and International Cold War Politics, 1944-1968$
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Wendy Pojmann

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780823245604

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823245604.001.0001

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The Push for Autonomy and Women’s Rights, 1956–1959

The Push for Autonomy and Women’s Rights, 1956–1959

(p.103) 4 The Push for Autonomy and Women’s Rights, 1956–1959
Italian Women and International Cold War Politics, 1944-1968

Wendy Pojmann

Fordham University Press

Chapter four focuses on the advancement of women’s rights movements in the years between 1956 and 1959, when the UDI and the CIF accelerated their efforts in the national context to fight for labor legislation for women who worked inside and outside the home. They reaffirmed their autonomy by directly confronting the political parties, trade unions, Catholic organizations, and the Vatican on outmoded ideas about gender. The disruption on the left caused by the Soviet invasion of Hungary in 1956 threatened to de-stabilize the membership of the UDI and the WIDF and marked a watershed year in Italian politics. Italy’s signing of the Treaty of Rome in 1957 opened the door to economic growth already evident by 1958 and signaled to the CIF and the WMM that the Europeans could overcome national divides. Chapter four shows that the UDI and the CIF advanced their objectives for Italian women while cautiously rethinking their national and international political alliances to best represent the interests of their members.

Keywords:   Women’s rights, Employment, Hungary, European Economic Community

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