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Süssen Is Now Free of JewsWorld War II, the Holocaust, and Rural Judaism$
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Gilya Gerda Schmidt

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780823243297

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823243297.001.0001

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(p.1) Introduction
Süssen Is Now Free of Jews

Gilya Gerda Schmidt

Fordham University Press

3–5 sentences, or around 120 words and no more than 200 words What is this place called Schwaben? It is an ancient land ranging from Augsburg in the east to the Black Forest in the west. The archaeological finds in the region are plentiful and priceless, and the most prominent mountain near the city of Göppingen is the Hohenstaufen, home of the emperors of the same name, including the famous Barbarossa who participated in the Crusades. Jews have inhabited the region at least since the Middle Ages, subjected to the whims of the rulers and the guilds, tolerated and then expelled, only to return again. In the 18th century were Jews actually invited by the lords of Liebenstein as Schutzjuden, to help build the economy and supply the financial resources for the nobility’s ventures. The Education Law (Erziehungsgesetz) of 1828 was passed to bring all of the peddlers among the regional Jews into respectability. This effort caused much suffering among poor Jews, without improving their situation until Emancipation in 1871, when German Jews finally became equals with their Christian countrymen.

Keywords:   Hohenstaufen, ancient land, Middle Ages, guilds, Schutzjuden (protected Jews), Education Law (Erziehungsgesetz), Emancipation

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