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The Dream Life of CitizensLate Victorian Novels and the Fantasy of the State$
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Zarena Aslami

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780823241996

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823241996.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FORDHAM SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.fordham.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Fordham University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

The Space of Optimism

The Space of Optimism

State Fantasy and the Case of Gissing's The Odd Women

(p.109) 4 The Space of Optimism
The Dream Life of Citizens

Zarena Aslami

Fordham University Press

Chapter 4 argues that George Gissing's The Odd Women critiques the state's encroaching powers, both actual and imagined. In particular, through the description of how municipal spaces shape characters' interiority, Gissing expresses the fear that the state, as mediated through local government, was in the process of appropriating marriage and culture. As the lynchpins of nineteenth-century bourgeois liberal individuality, these institutions furnished imagined sites from which one could both escape and critique the political. Gissing's novel registers the subtle process by which, through common law courts, the state began converting marriage's religious identity into a primarily civil one. The novel also records the state's active provision of education and public spaces, seen as the incubators of culture, to the masses. This chapter proposes that The Odd Women expresses Gissing's anxiety that the institutions of marriage and culture were becoming disarmed as traditional liberal sites of opposition to the state. In their place, he describes a model of critical consciousness based on novel reading, which comes to offer British subjects a possible position outside of the state.

Keywords:   George Gissing, The Odd Women, State interventionism, Marriage, Culture, Victorian novel, Liberalism, Municipal spaces, Novel-reading

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