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The Dream Life of CitizensLate Victorian Novels and the Fantasy of the State$
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Zarena Aslami

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780823241996

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823241996.001.0001

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An Imperial Origin Story

An Imperial Origin Story

Aloof Rule in Schreiner's The Story of an African Farm

Chapter:
(p.26) 1. An Imperial Origin Story
Source:
The Dream Life of Citizens
Author(s):

Zarena Aslami

Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:10.5422/fordham/9780823241996.003.0002

This chapter argues that Olive Schreiner's The Story of an African Farm provides an origin story for late Victorian state fantasy. The novel organizes complex historical changes into a contest between an older, tyrannical version of state sovereignty (power with a head and the right to cut off its subjects' heads) and a newer, detached version of liberal governance, biopower (a headless, dispersed power that gets into its subjects' heads). Detailing how colonials felt rejected by the imperial state, the novel invests one particular relationship with intense libidinal energy: that between Waldo, a colonial subject, and “the stranger,” a low-level state official. To make sense of this relationship, the chapter turns to Hannah Arendt's discussion of what she terms the “aloof rule” of British imperial practice. A variant of liberal governance, aloof rule is more resistant to critical demystification than tyrannical rule, which Arendt associates with French imperialism. The Story of an African Farm self-consciously exalts the novel form as a key technology for teaching subjects to see through the empty charade of tyranny. But it implies its own limits in undoing aloof rule, which, it argues, shapes the critical subject's very sense of self.

Keywords:   Olive Schreiner, The Story of an African Farm, Sovereignty, Biopower, Aloof rule, Hannah Arendt, State power, Imperialism, Novel-reading

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