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On Becoming GodLate Medieval Mysticism and the Modern Western Self$
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Ben Morgan

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780823239924

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823239924.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM FORDHAM SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.fordham.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Fordham University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in FSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

The Gender of Human Togetherness

The Gender of Human Togetherness

Chapter:
(p.37) 3 The Gender of Human Togetherness
Source:
On Becoming God
Author(s):

John D. Caputo

Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:10.5422/fordham/9780823239924.003.0004

Where the first two chapters have offered a critical analysis of the model of subjectivity underpinning theoretical engagements with mysticism (Lacan, Irigaray, Hollywood) and also forms of modernist and postmodernist critical theory (Lyotard, Žižek, Derrida, Adorno), the third chapter starts elaborating a positive model of identity, building in particular on Heidegger's account of a fundamental human relatedness (Mitsein). Heidegger is contrasted with Sartre and Levinas, and parallels between phenomenology and recent cognitive neuroscience are explored. The chapter argues that Heidegger does not consistently follow through the theoretical innovation that the turn to Mitsein represents. Simone de Beauvoir and Judith Butler offer theoretical resources for a model of human relatedness that is less abstract than Heidegger's, and which avoids the tendency, evident in Being and Time, to invoke the ideal of an isolated, heroic male subject. At the same time, both Beauvoir and Butler are, at root, Hegelian thinkers for whom relations between human beings are conceived of as inherently antagonistic. The alternative model of interdependence and relatedness (as opposed to antagonism) is illustrated by a reading of Kafka's story “A little woman”.

Keywords:   Martin Heidegger, Emmanuel Levinas, Simone de Beauvoir, Judith Butler, Mitsein (Being-with), models of human identity, mirror neurons, Theory Theory, Simulation Theory, Franz Kafka, Hegelian dialectics (critique of

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