Essaying “The Methaphorical Process as Cognition, Imagination, and Feeling,” Paul Ricoeur emphasizes the substantiality, indeed the quasibody of language. He instances the substantiality of figures of speech and refers approvingly to Tzvetan Todorov's definition of “figure” as “the visibility of language.” Ricoeur aims at the iconic aspect of metaphor, the archtrope — what we popularly term an image. Jean-Luc Nancy has more recently conceived the verbal image, or figure, as having a ground comparable to that of a painting, a ground that is not only visual, but also “musical, poetic, even tactile, olfactory or gustatory, kinesthetic” and more.
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