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Hungary in World War IICaught in the Cauldron$
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Deborah S. Cornelius

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780823233434

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823233434.001.0001

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German Occupation

German Occupation

(p.277) 8 German Occupation
Hungary in World War II

Deborah S. Cornelius

Fordham University Press

When German troops occupied Hungary on March 19, 1944, there was virtually no resistance. The rightist government formed under the regent gave the appearance of legality, although members of the opposition were immediately arrested and officials loyal to Horthy replaced by those loyal to the Germans. The Germans intended total exploitation of Hungary's economic resources and deportation of all Hungarian Jews, and they carried out in an amazingly short time. Only Jews in Budapest were spared when deportations were halted in early July. With the rapid advance of Soviet troops and Romania's defection, Horthy sent a secret delegation to negotiate an armistice with the Soviets. His “bail-out” failed, partly because the Germans learned of the impending armistice, but also because the military remained loyal to their German allies. The government was replaced by the rightist Arrow Cross government under Ferenc Szálasi.

Keywords:   economic exploitation, Jewish deportations, Romania, armistice, Arrow Cross, Szálasi

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