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Domesticating a Religious ImportThe Jesuits and the Inculturation of the Catholic Church in Zimbabwe, 1879-1980$
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Nicholas M. Creary

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780823233342

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823233342.001.0001

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A Failed Mission, Contesting Colonial Rule, and Ecclesiastical Developments

A Failed Mission, Contesting Colonial Rule, and Ecclesiastical Developments

(p.22) 1 A Failed Mission, Contesting Colonial Rule, and Ecclesiastical Developments
Domesticating a Religious Import

Nicholas M. Creary

Fordham University Press

Two Bantu language-speaking groups, the VaShona people, who entered the southern African region as early as the ninth century ce and established the state known as Great Zimbabwe by the thirteenth century, and the AmaNdebele people, who came to what is now western Zimbabwe during the first half of the nineteenth century in the wake of the disturbances caused by the state consolidation associated with the rise of the Zulu state, primarily populated the territory of modern Zimbabwe. This chapter gives a brief sketch of the establishment of the institutional foundations of the Catholic Church in Southern Rhodesia, it is possible to see the outline of many fault lines come into relief: tensions among Africans: VaShona and AmaNdebele, Christian and “pagan”; tensions among Europeans—British, German, Swiss, and Irish—and between Jesuit and Mariannhill; tensions between Africans and Europeans: converts and missionaries, women and men, settlers and chiefs.

Keywords:   Bantu language, VaShona people, southern African region, Great Zimbabwe, AmaNdebele people, Zulu state

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