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Civil Rights in New York CityFrom World War II to the Giuliani Era$
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Clarence Taylor

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780823232895

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: September 2011

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823232895.001.0001

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Cops, Schools, and Communism: Local Politics and Global Ideologies—New York City in the 1950s

Cops, Schools, and Communism: Local Politics and Global Ideologies—New York City in the 1950s

Chapter:
(p.32) 2 Cops, Schools, and Communism: Local Politics and Global Ideologies—New York City in the 1950s
Source:
Civil Rights in New York City
Author(s):

Clarence Taylor

Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:10.5422/fordham/9780823232895.003.0003

In 1952, Ella Baker was elected president of the large New York City NAACP branch, becoming its first woman president. During 1952 and 1953, under Ella Baker's leadership, the New York City NAACP branch built coalitions with other groups in the city and carried out aggressive campaigns focused primarily on school reform and desegregation and on police brutality. In the course of these campaigns, Baker employed the whole range of protest tactics she had taught others to utilize: sending public letters of protest, leading noisy street demonstrations, confronting the mayor in front of the news media, and even running for public office after temporarily taking off her NAACP hat. In her efforts at coalition building, Baker tried to avoid the divisive Cold War politics that defined the national scene during the early 1950s and threatened to infect the debates over local issues.

Keywords:   Ella Baker, New York City, NAACP, school reform, desegregation, protest, police brutality, demonstrations

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