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The Basic Writings of Josiah Royce, Volume IILogic, Loyalty, and Community$
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John J. McDermott

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780823224845

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823224845.001.0001

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[The Methodology of Science]

[The Methodology of Science]

(p.763) 25 The Methodology of Science
The Basic Writings of Josiah Royce, Volume II
John J. McDermott
Fordham University Press

This chapter focuses on the method of induction. The technique of induction consists wholly in learning how to take fair samples of the facts in question and how to observe these facts accurately and adequately. This kind of induction seems to be especially prominent in the organic sciences. However, a great deal of scientific work now consists of the forming and testing of hypotheses. In such cases, the inductive process is more complex. The technique of induction now involves at least four distinct processes: (1) the choice of a good hypothesis; (2) the computation of certain consequences, all of which must be true if the hypothesis is true; (3) the choice of a fair sample of these consequences for a test; and (4) the actual test of each of these chosen consequences.

Keywords:   induction, fair samples, organic sciences, scientific work, hypotheses

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