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Confederate PhoenixRebel Children and Their Families in South Carolina$

Edmund L. Drago

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780823229376

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: March 2011

DOI: 10.5422/fso/9780823229376.001.0001

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(p.171) Bibliography

(p.171) Bibliography

Source:
Confederate Phoenix
Publisher:
Fordham University Press

Manuscripts and Collections

Camden Archives and Museum, Camden, S.C. Handkerchief Baby Dolls

Charleston City Archives, Charleston, S.C. (CCA) Charleston Orphan House Papers

Charleston County Library, Main Branch, Charleston, S.C. (CCL)

Board of Health Death Records, Charleston. Vol. 21, October 20, 1861, to June 30, 1866

Charleston County Death Records, 1821–1926

Charleston County Probate Court, Charleston, S.C. Record of Wills

Charleston Library Society Charleston, S.C. (CLS)

Charleston Police Records, December 1861–March 1863

Confederate Museum, Charleston, S.C.

Punch bowl made from boiler of burned Palmetto State. Item No. 501

National Archives, Washington, D.C. (NA)

Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina, Microcopy No. 267 (CSR)

Consolidated Index to Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, Microcopy No. 253

Index to Letters Received by the Confederate Secretary of War, 1861–1865, Record Group 109, Microcopy No. 409

Letters Received by the Confederate Secretary of War, 1861–1865, Record Group 109, Microcopy No. 437, 151 reels (CSW)

Population Schedules of the Eighth Census of the United State, 1860, South Carolina, Microcopy No. 653 Southern Claims Commission

South Carolina Confederate Relic Room and Military Museum, Columbia, S.C. Confederate quilt, Item No. 347

South Carolina Department of Archives and History, Columbia, S.C. (SCDAH) Adjutant General, Administrative Records List of Draft Substitutes, 1862

(p.172) Petitions for Exemption, 1864–1865

Commission for the Removal of Negroes and Other Noncombatants from the City of Charleston

City of Charleston Commission Minute Book, 1862–1863

Records of the Comptroller General, State Auditor Papers

Soldiers' Board of Relief, State and County Records, Newberry County [District], Reports of Soldiers Board of Relief

General Assembly Petitions Governors' Papers

Milledge Luke Bonham, Letters Received and Sent, 1862–1864

Lawrence Chamberlain, Letters Received

Andrew Gordon Magrath, Letters Received and Sent, 1864–1865

Applications for Furlough, 1865

Benjamin Franklin Perry, Letters Received and Sent, 1865

Francis Wilkinson Pickens, Letters Received and Sent, 1860–1862

John H. Moore, “South Carolina and the Southern Claims Commission, 1871–1880” (ca. 1975, 1 vol.)

South Carolina Department of Mental Health. South Carolina Lunatic Asylum (SCDMH)

Admissions, 1828–1876

Physicians' Records, 1860–1874

South Carolina State Population Census Schedules, 1869

South Carolina Historical Society, Charleston, S.C. (SCHS)

Milledge Bonham Collections, Writings, 1913–1920, “A Boy's Memories of War Time and Other Times by Milledge Lipscomb Bonham”

Langdon Cheves III Papers

Circular Congregational Church Records

Gerard-Honour Papers

J. S. Middleton, “Reminiscences, ca. 1880s”

South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina, Columbia, S.C. (SCL) Thomas Aiton Papers

Leonardo Andrea [Genealogical] Collection (see Mary Frances Jane Pursley Papers, SCWRPL)

Baptist Church, Anderson, S.C., Big Creek Minutes, 1801–1936

Thaddeus Street Boinest Letters and Journals (see Lutheran Church, Newberry County Records for biographical information on Boinest)

Alice Boozer (Mrs. Simon P.) Letters

Box Family Papers

Mary Davis Brown Diary

Bryce Family Papers

(p.173) Elizabeth Buescher, “‘I Must Save Something’: Childhood, the Civil War and the Campbell R. Bryce Family”

Camden Orphan Society Records

Mrs. Sallie [Sarah] F. Chapin, Fitz-Hugh St. Clair, reprint, 1873; autographed copy with MS presentation to Benjamin R. Tillman, Jr. (see Chapin under Books for additional information)

Esther B. Cheesborough Notebook

W. F. Clayton, “Recital of our Services during the War for Southern Independence”

Confederate College, Charleston, Table of statistics, Postcard of Confederate College

Sara Gossett Crigler (Mrs. Henry Towles), “Education for Girls and Women in South Carolina prior to 1890 with Related Miscellanea”

Edgefield Female Institute, Circular Letter

Mrs. Emily Caroline Ellis Diary

Gaston-Strait-Wylie-Baskin Families Papers

James Moore Goode, “The Rise of Manufacturing in South Carolina during the War.”

Greenville Ladies' Association Records, 1861–1865

James Earle Hagood Papers

James R. Hagood Papers

Mary Y. Harth (Mrs. John) Papers

Hebrew Orphan Society, Charleston, Records Theodore Honour Papers

Ellen Cooper Johnson Memoirs

Ladies' Benevolent Society for Orphan and Destitute Children, Columbia, Treasurer's Book, 1839–1936; other collections under this nomenclature

Emma Florence LeConte (1848–1901) Journal, 1864–1865

Joseph LeConte Journal of Three Months Personal Experience during the Last Days of the Confederacy

Lutheran Church, Newberry County, Bethlehem, Pomaria, and Lutheran Church of the Redeemer (formerly Luther Chapel), Newberry, Records (see Thaddeus Street Boinest Letters and Journals)

J. L. McCrorey Diary

McLure Family Papers

Andrew Gordon Magrath (1813–1893) Papers Means-English-Doby Families Papers

James Drayton Nance Letters

John B. Patrick Diary

J. W. Pursley Letters (see Mary Frances Jane Pursley Papers, SCWRPL)

(p.174) Mrs. H. H. Simons recollection, “The Burning of Columbia,” and letter

Mary Amarinthia Snowden Papers

Yates Snowden Collection, “Burning of Columbia,” miscellaneous manuscripts and printed materials

Society for Orphan and Destitute Children, Columbia Records (see Ladies' Benevolent Society for Orphans and Destitute Children, Columbia)

Lawrence Whitaker Taylor Papers

United Daughters of the Confederacy, Secessionville Chapter, James Island Records

Alonzo Adams Vanderford Papers, 1853–1868

Willingham-Lawton Families Papers

Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N.C. (SHS)

John Cheesborough Papers

Grace B. Elmore Books

David Golightly Harris Farm Journals, 1855–1870, microfilm copy of original

Alexander Cheves Haskell Papers

Sallie D. McDowall Books

Andrew Gordon Magrath Papers

Special Collections, Clemson University Libraries, Clemson, S.C. (CSC) Elijah Webb Brown Papers, 1856–1964

Manson S. Jolly Papers, 1861–1865

Music Books, MS No. 18

Benjamin Ryan Tillman Papers, 1849–1918; Diary of Benjamin Ryan Tillman

Louise Pettus Archives and Special Collections, Dacus Library, Winthrop University, Rock Hill, S.C. (DLW)

Emily Liles Harris Journals, 1859–1870, 1907–1908, Accession No. 586

Special Collections, Marlene and Nathan Addlestone Library, College of Charleston, Charleston, S.C. (SCAL)

“An Account of the Experiences of the Family of the Rev. and Mrs. Paul Trapier during and after the War between the States” by T. D. (Mrs. Paul) Trapier, Paul Trapier Papers

Special Collections, William R. Perkins Library, Duke University, Durham, N.C. (SCWRPL)

John Cumming Papers

Virginia L. Daily, ed., A Sampler of Women's Studies Resources

Eliza Fludd Papers

Richard E. Jacques Papers

Clara Victoria (Dargan) Maclean Papers

(p.175) Lalla Pelot Papers

Louisa Bouknight Poppenheim and Mary Barnett Poppenheim Papers

Mary Frances Jane Pursley Papers

Ann Louisa Salmond Papers (see Daily's Sampler, SCWRPL, and Address by Mildred Lewis Rutherford under Books)

Whitefoord Smith Papers

United Daughters of the Confederacy. South Carolina Division, Black Oak Chapter Minute Books, 1900–1915

United Daughters of the Confederacy, South Carolina Division, Edgefield Chapter Papers

Benjamin S. Williams Papers

Isabella Ann (Roberts) Woodruff Papers

Government Documents

Population of the United States in 1860, Compiled from the Original Returns of the Eighth Census under the Direction of the Secretary of the Interior, by Joseph C. G. Kennedy, Superintendent of Census. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1864.

South Carolina General Assembly. An Act to Provide a Pension Fund for Confederate Veterans and Their Widows and to provide the Distribution thereof: An Act to provide for Pensions for Certain Faithful Negroes who were Engaged in the Service for the State in the War between the States. Columbia: South Carolina General Assembly, 1923.

Statutes at Large of South Carolina. Vol. 13, Containing the Acts from December, 1861, to December, 1866, Arranged Chronologically, Published under Authority of the Legislature. Reprint. Columbia, S.C.: Republican Printing Co., 1875.

U.S. Congress. Testimony Taken by the Joint Select Committee to Inquire into the Condition of Affairs in the Late Insurrectionary States, vols. 3–5. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1872.

U.S. Congress. Senate, South Carolina in 1876: Testimony as to the Denial of the Elective Franchise in South Carolina at the Elections of 1875 and 1876, 44th Congress, 2nd sess., S. Misc. Doc. 48, 1:270. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1877.

The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. 128 vols. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1880–1901; additions and corrections inserted in each volume, 1902.

(p.176) Newspapers and Periodicals

Augusta, Ga. Southern Christian Advocate (see Charleston)

Southern Presbyterian (see Columbia)

Camden, S.C. Camden Confederate

Charleston, S.C. Charleston Medical Journal and Review, 1848–1860 (formerly Southern Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy, 1846–1847, Charleston)

Daily Courier

Mercury

News and Courier

Post and Courier

Preservation Progress for the Preservation Society of Charleston

Provenance, The Charleston Museum Newsletter (Fall 2007)

Southern Christian Advocate, 1861–1865 (see Augusta)

Columbia, S.C. Confederate Baptist

Daily South Carolinian

Daily Southern Guardian

Daily Union-Herald

Phoenix

Southern Presbyterian (see Augusta)

Southern Presbyterian Review

Tri-Weekly Carolinian

Edgefield, S.C. Advertiser

Greenville, S.C. Mountaineer

Lancaster, S.C. Ledger

Louisville, Ky. Southern Bivouac

Mt. Pleasant, S.C. Moultrie News

Nashville, Tenn. Confederate Veteran

Newberry, S.C. Herald

(p.177) New York, N.Y. Times

Tribune

Raleigh, N.C. Deaf Mute Casket

Richmond, Va. Children's Friend

Spartanburg, S.C. Carolina Spartan

Sumter, S.C. Tri-Weekly Watchman

Winnsboro, S.C. Daily News

York, S.C. Yorkville Enquirer

Books and Pamphlets

Ackerman, Robert K. Wade Hampton III. Columbia: University of Carolina Press, 2007.

Alcott, Louisa May. Hospital Sketches. Ed. Alice Fahs. New York: Bedford / St. Martin's, 2004.

Allen, Mrs. Henry Davis, ed. Catechism on the History of the Confederate States of America, 1861–1865. Richmond, Va.: United Daughters of the Confederacy, 1954, reprint, 1990; reissue, 1999, as Catechism of the Confederate States of America, 1861–1865.

Ariès, Philippe. Centuries of Childhood: A Social History of Family Life. New York: Vintage Books, 1962.

Ash, Stephen V. When the Yankees Came: Conflict and Chaos in the Occupied South, 1861–1865. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995.

Avery, Catherine B., ed. The New Century Handbook of Greek Mythology and Legend. New York: Meredith, 1972.

Ayers, Edward L. In the Presence of Mine Enemies: The Civil War in the Heart of America, 1859–1863. New York: Norton, 2003.

Baird, Washington. The Confederate Spelling Book. Macon, Ga.: Burke, Boykin and Co., 1864.

Baker, Gary. Cadets in Gray: The Story of the Cadets of the South Carolina Military Academy and Cadet Rangers in the Civil War. Columbia, S.C.: Palmetto Book Works, 1989.

(p.178) Ball, Edward. Slaves in the Family. New York: Ballantine, 1999.

Ball, W. W. A Boy's Recollections of the Red Shirt Campaign of 1876 in South Carolina. Paper Read before the Kosmos Club of Columbia, S.C., by W. W. Ball, January 21, 1911. Pamphlet. Columbia, S.C.: Kosmos Club, 1911.

Bardaglio, Peter. Reconstructing the Household: Families, Sex, and the Law in the Nineteenth Century South. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995.

Barney, William L. The Making of a Confederate: Walter Lenoir's Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Barr, James Michael, and Rebecca Ann Dowling Barr. Confederate War Correspondence of James Michael Barr and Wife Rebecca Ann Dowling Barr. Ed. Ruth Barr McDaniel. Taylors, S.C.: Faith Printing, 1963.

Bass, Jack, and Marilyn W. Thompson. Ol' Strom: An Unauthorized Biography of Strom Thurmond. Atlanta: Longstreet Press, 1998.

Bass, Jack, and Jack Nelson. The Orangeburg Massacre. 2nd ed. Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 2002.

Bellows, Barbara L. Benevolence among Slaveholders: Assisting the Poor in Charleston, 1670–1840. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1993.

Berlin, Ira, et al., eds. Freedom: A Documentary History of Emancipation, 1861–1867. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982–1990.

Billingsley, Andrew. Yearning to Breathe Free: Robert Smalls of South Carolina and His Families. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2007.

Blanton, DeAnne, and Lauren M. Cook. They Fought Like Demons: Women Soldiers in the American Civil War. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2002.

Bleser, Carol, ed. In Joy and in Sorrow: Women, Family, and Marriage in the Victorian South, 1830–1900. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Blight, David W. Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2001.

Boatner, Mark Mayo, III. The Civil War Dictionary. Rev. ed. New York: David McKay, 1988.

Boylan, Anne M. Sunday School: The Formation of an American Institution, 1790–1880. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1988.

Brooks, Ulysses R. Butler and His Cavalry, 1861–1865. Columbia, S.C.: n.p., 1909.

Brown, Thomas J., ed. Reconstruction: New Perspectives on the Postbellum United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Brundage, W. Fitzhugh. The Southern Past: A Clash of Race and Memory. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2005.

Brundage, W. Fitzhugh, ed. Where These Memories Grow: History, Memory, and Southern Identity. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

(p.179) Bryce, Sarah H. The Personal Experiences of Mrs. Campbell Bryce During the Burning of Columbia, South Carolina, by General W. T. Sherman's Army, February 17, 1865. Philadelphia: J. P. Lippincott Co., 1899.

Burton, E. Milby. The Siege of Charleston, 1861–1865. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1990.

Burton, Orville Vernon. In My Father's House Are Many Mansions: Family and Community in Edgefield, South Carolina. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985.

Bynum, Victoria E. Unruly Women: The Politics of Social and Sexual Control in the Old South. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992.

Caldwell, J[ames] F[itz] J[ames]. The History of a Brigade of South Carolinians, Known First as “Gregg's” and Subsequently as “McGowan's Brigade.” Ed. Lee A. Wallace Jr. Dayton, Ohio: Morningside Press, 1984.

Calvert, Karin. Children in the House: The Material Culture of Early Childhood, 1600–1900. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1992.

Carlton, David L. Mill and Town in South Carolina, 1880–1920. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1982.

Cashin, Joan E. A Family Venture: Men and Women on the Southern Frontier. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

——. First Lady of the Confederacy: Varina Davis's Civil War. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2006.

Cauthen, Charles E., ed. Journals of the South Carolina Executive Councils of 1861 and 1862. Columbia, S.C.: SCDAH, 1956.

——. South Carolina Goes to War, 1860–1865. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1950.

Censer, Jane Turner. North Carolina Planters and Their Children, 1800–1860. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1990.

Chapin, Mrs. Sallie [Sarah] F. Fitz-Hugh St. Clair, the South Carolina Rebel Boy: or, It Is No Crime to Be Born a Gentleman. Charleston, S.C.: John M. Greer, 1872.

Chesnut, Mary. Mary Chesnut's Civil War. Ed. C. Vann Woodward. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1981.

Chesnutt, David R., and Clyde N. Wilson, eds. The Meaning of South Carolina History: Essays in Honor of George C. Rogers, Jr. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1991.

Children of the Confederacy of the United Daughters of the Confederacy. Minutes of the Annual Meeting of the Annual Convention. Richmond, Va.: United Daughters of the Confederacy. 1955–2008.

Chudacoff, Howard P. Children at Play: An American History. New York: New York University Press, 2007.

(p.180) Cimbala, Paul A. Under the Guardianship of the Nation: The Freedmen's Bureau and the Reconstruction of Georgia, 1865–1870. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1997.

Cisco, Walter Brian. Wade Hampton: Confederate Warrior, Conservative Statesman. Washington, D.C.: Brassey's, 2004.

Clement, Priscilla Ferguson, and Jacqueline S. Reinier, eds. Boyhood in America: An Encyclopedia. 2 vols. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-Clio, 2001.

Clemson, Floride. A Rebel Came Home: The Diary and Letters of Floride Clemson, 1863–1866. Ed. Charles M. McGee Jr. and Ernest M. Lander. Rev. ed. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1989.

Clinton, Catherine, and Nina Silber, eds. Divided Houses: Gender and the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Cobb, James C. Away Down South: A History of Southern Identity. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.

The Confederate Sunday School Hymn Book, Compiled by a Superintendent at Greenville, S.C. Greenville, S.C.: G. E. Elford's Press, 1863.

Conner, James. Letters of General James Conner, C.S.A. Ed. Mary Conner Moffett. Columbia, S.C.: R.L. Bryan Co., 1950.

Connolly, James A. Three Years in the Army of the Cumberland: The Letters and Diary of Major James A. Connolly. Ed. Paul M. Angle. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1959.

Conrad, August. The Destruction of Columbia, S.C. Trans. W. H. Pleasants. Roanoke, Va.: Stone Printing and Manufacturing Co., 1902.

Cooper, William J., Jr., and Thomas E. Terrill. The American South: A History. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1991.

Cox, Karen L. Dixie's Daughters: The United Daughters of the Confederacy and the Preservation of Confederate Culture. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2003.

Cram, George F. Soldiering with Sherman: The Civil War Letters of George F. Cram. Ed. Jennifer Cain Bohrnstedt. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2000.

Crawford, Richard. The Civil War Songbook: Complete Original Sheet Music for 37 Songs. New York: Dover Publications, 1977.

Crist, Lynda Lasswell, ed. The Papers of Jefferson Davis, vols. 7 and 8. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1992–93.

Daniel, Robert N. Furman University: A History. Greenville, S.C.: Furman University, 1951.

Davis, William C. Jefferson Davis: The Man and His Hour. New York: Harper-Collins, 1991.

(p.181) Dawson, Francis Warrington. Our Women in the War. Charleston, S.C.: Walker, Evans and Cogswell, 1887.

Dean, Eric T., Jr. Shook Over Hell: Post-Traumatic Stress, Vietnam, and the Civil War. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1997.

De Forest, John William. A Union Officer in the Reconstruction. Ed. James H. Croushore and David Morris Potter. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1948.

Dickert, D. Augustus. History of Kershaw's Brigade, with Complete Roll of Companies, Biographical Sketches, Incidents, Anecdotes, etc. Dayton, Ohio: Press of Morningside Bookshop, 1976.

Dixon, Thomas, Jr. The Clansman: An Historical Romance of the Ku Klux Klan. New York: Doubleday, Page, 1905.

Drago, Edmund L. Red Shirts in South Carolina During Reconstruction. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1998.

——. Initiative, Paternalism, and Race Relations: Charleston's Avery Normal Institute. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1990.

Reissued as

Charleston's Avery Center: From Education and Civil Rights to Preserving the African American Experience, 2006.

Durrill, Wayne K. War of Another Kind: Southern Community in the Great Rebellion. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Easterby, J[ames] H[arold]. A History of the College of Charleston. Charleston, S.C.: College of Charleston, 1935.

Edmunds, John B., Jr. Francis W. Pickens and the Politics of Destruction. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1986.

Edgar, Walter. South Carolina: A History. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1998.

Edwards, Laura. Gendered Strife and Confusion: The Political Culture of Reconstruction. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 1997.

Elliott, Colleen Morse, and Louise Armstrong Moxley. The Tennessee Civil War Veterans Questionnaires. Easley, S.C.: Silas Emmett Lucas Jr., 1985.

Elmore, Grace Brown. A Heritage of War: The Civil War Diary of Grace Brown Elmore, 1861–1868. Ed. Marli F. Weiner. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1997.

Emerson, W. Eric. Sons of Privilege: The Charleston Light Dragoons in the Civil War. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2005.

Farmer, James. The Metaphysical Confederacy: James Henley Thornwell and the Synthesis of Southern Values. Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 1986.

Fass, Paula S., ed. Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood in History and Society. 3 vols. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2004.

(p.182) Faust, Drew Gilpin. Mothers of Invention: Women of the Slaveholding South in the American Civil War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1996.

——. “‘A Riddle of Death’: Mortality and Meaning in the American Civil War.” 34th Annual Robert Fortenbaugh Memorial Lecture, Gettysburg College, 1995.

——. This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American Civil War. New York: Knopf, 2008.

Fellman, Michael. Inside War: The Guerilla Conflict in Missouri During the American Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Fields, Mamie Garvin, with Karen Fields. Lemon Swamp and Other Places: A Carolina Memoir. New York: Free Press, 1983.

Fischer, David Hackett. Albion's Seed: Four British Folkways in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Fleming, Robert. The Revised Elementary Spelling Book: The Elementary Spelling Book, Revised and Adapted to the Youth of the Southern Confederacy, Interspersed with Bible Readings on Domestic Slavery. Atlanta: J. J. Toon, 1863.

Foner, Eric. Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution, 1863–1877. New York: Harper & Row, 1989.

Ford, Lacy K., Jr. Origins of Southern Radicalism: The South Carolina Upcountry, 1800–1860. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Foster, Gaines M. Ghosts of the Confederacy: The Lost Cause and the Emergence of the New South, 1865–1913. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

Fowler, A[bijah]. J. The Southern School Arithmetic: or Youth's Assistant. Revised by M. Gibson. Richmond, Va.: West and Johnston, 1864.

Fox, William F. Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861–1865: A Treatise on the Extent and Nature of the Mortuary Losses in the Union Regiments, with Full and Exhaustive Statistics Compiled from the Official Records on File in the United States Bureaus and at Washington. 4th ed. Albany, N.Y.: Albany Publishing Co., 1898.

Fraser, Walter J., Jr. Charleston! Charleston! The History of a Southern City. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1989.

Fraser, Walter J., R. Frank Saunders Jr., and Jon L. Wakelyn. The Web of Southern Social Relations: Women, Family, and Education. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1985.

Friedman, Jean E. The Enclosed Garden: Women and Community in the Evangelical South, 1830–1890. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985.

Fuller, A. James. Chaplain to the Confederacy: Basil Manly and Baptist Life in the Old South. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2000.

(p.183) Gallagher, Gary W. The Confederate War. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1997.

——. “‘The Progress of Our Arms’: Whither Civil War Military History?” 44th Annual Robert Fortenbaugh Memorial Lecture, Gettysburg College, 2005.

Gallman, J. Matthew. The North Fights the Civil War: The Home Front. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1994.

Gaston, John Thomas. Confederate War Diary of John Thomas Gaston. Ed. Alifaire (Allie) Gaston Walden. Columbia, S.C.: Vogue Press, 1960.

Goldfield, David. Still Fighting the Civil War: The American South and Southern History. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2002.

Gray, Richard. Writing the South: Ideas of an American Region. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Grose, Philip G. South Carolina at the Brink: Robert McNair and the Politics of Civil Rights. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2006.

Halberstam, David. The Children. New York: Random House, 1998.

Hanawalt, Barbara A. Growing Up in Medieval London: The Experience of Childhood in History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Harris, David Golightly. Piedmont Farmer: The Journals of David Golightly Harris, 1855–1870. Ed. Philip N. Racine. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1990.

Hawes, Joseph M., and Ray N. Hiner, eds. American Childhood: A Research Guide and Historical Handbook. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1985.

Heller, J. Roderick, III, and Carolynn Ayres Heller, eds. The Confederacy Is on Her Way Up the Spout: Letters to South Carolina, 1861–1864. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1992.

Hewett, Janet B., and Joyce Lawrence, eds. South Carolina Confederate Soldiers, 1861–1865. 2 vols. Wilmington, N.C.: Broadfoot, 1998.

Heyward, Pauline DeCaradeuc. A Confederate Lady Comes of Age: The Journal of Pauline DeCaradeuc Heyward, 1863–1888. Ed. Mary D. Robertson. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1992.

Hollis, Daniel W. University of South Carolina, vol. 1. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1951.

Holmes, Anne Middleton. The New York Ladies' Southern Relief Association, 1866–1867. New York: Mary Mildred Sullivan Chapter, United Daughters of the Confederacy, 1926.

Holmes, Emma. The Diary of Miss Emma Holmes, 1861–1866. Ed. John F. Marszalek. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1994.

Holt, Thomas. Black Over White: Negro Political Leadership in South Carolina During Reconstruction. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 1979.

(p.184) Hope, W. Martin, and Jason H. Silverman. Relief and Recovery in Post–Civil War South Carolina: A Death by Inches. Lewiston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellon Press, 1997.

Horwitz, Tony. Confederates in the Attic: Dispatches from the Unfinished Civil War. New York: Pantheon Books, 1998.

Hull, Susan R., ed. Boy Soldiers of the Confederacy. New York: Neale Publishing Co., 1905.

Janney, Carolina E. Burying the Dead but Not the Past: Ladies' Memorial Associations and the Lost Cause. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 2008.

Jenkins, Wilbert L. Climbing Up to Glory: A Short History of African Americans During the Civil War and Reconstruction. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, 2002.

——. Seizing the Day: African Americans in Post–Civil War Charleston. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998.

Jones, Eugene W., Jr. Enlisted for the War: The Struggles of the Gallant 24th Regiment, South Carolina Volunteers, Infantry, 1861–1865. Hightstown, N.J.: Longstreet House, 1997.

Jones, J. William. Christ in the Camp, or Religion in the Confederate Army. Atlanta: Martin and Hoyt, 1887.

Jones, Lewis P. South Carolina: A Synoptic History for Laymen. Rev. ed. Orangeburg, S.C.: Sandlapper, 1971.

Kantrowitz, Stephen. Ben Tillman and the Reconstruction of White Supremacy. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

Keith-Lucas, Alan. A Legacy of Caring: The Charleston Orphan House, 1790–1990. Charleston, S.C.: Charleston Orphan House / Wyrick and Co., 1991.

Kett, Joseph F. Rites of Passage: Adolescence in America, 1790 to the Present. New York: Basic Books, 1977.

King, Susan L., ed. The History and Records of the Charleston Orphan House, 1790–1860. Easley, S.C.: Southern Historical Press, 1984.

——. History and Records of the Charleston Orphan House, 1860–1899. Columbia, S.C.: SCMAR, 1994.

King, Wilma. African American Childhoods: Historical Perspectives from Slavery to Civil Rights. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.

——. Stolen Childhood: Slave Youth in Nineteenth-Century America. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995.

Kirkland, Randolph W., Jr. Broken Fortunes: South Carolina Soldiers, Sailors and Citizens Who Died in the Service of Their Country and State in the War for Southern Independence, 1861–1865. Charleston: SCHS, 1995.

(p.185) ——. Dark Hours: South Carolina Soldiers, Sailors and Citizens Who Were Held in Federal Prisons During the War for Southern Independence, 1861–1865. Charleston: SCHS, 2002.

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——. The Children's Civil War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.

——, ed. Lessons of War: The Civil War in Children's Magazines. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources Imprint, 1999.

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——. Refugee Life in the Confederacy. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1964.

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——. To Raise Up the South: Sunday Schools in Black and White Churches, 1865–1915. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2001

.

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——. Ordeal by Fire: The Civil War and Reconstruction. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2001.

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——. Southern Homefront, 1861–1865. Columbia, S.C.: Summerhouse Press, 1998.

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——. George Alfred Trenholm: The Company That Went to War, 1861–1865. Charleston, S.C.: Comprint, 1973.

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——. Plain Folk in the New South: Social Change and Cultural Persistence, 1880–1915. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1989.

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Pease, Jane H., and William H. Pease. A Family of Women: The Carolina Petigrus in Peace and in War. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.

——. James Louis Petigru: Southern Conservative, Southern Dissenter. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1995.

(p.188) ——. The Web of Progress: Private Values and Public Styles in Boston and Charleston, 1828–1843. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1991.

Pendergrast, Mark. For God, Country, and Coca-Cola. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1993.

Phelps, W. Chris. Charlestonians in War: The Charleston Battalion. Gretna, La.: Pelican, 2004.

Phillips, Jason. Diehard Rebels: The Confederate Culture of Invincibility. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2007.

Poole, W. Scott. Never Surrender: Confederate Memory and Conservatism in the South Carolina Upcountry. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2004.

——. South Carolina's Civil War: A Narrative History. Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 2005.

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Powers, Bernard E., Jr. Black Charlestonians: A Social History, 1822–1865. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1994.

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Proceedings of the First and Second Annual Meetings of the Survivors' Association of the State of South Carolina and Oration of General John S. Preston, Delivered before the Association, November 10th, 1870. Charleston, S.C.: Walker, Evans, and Cogswell, 1870.

Quint, Howard H. Profile in Black and White: A Frank Portrait of South Carolina. Washington, D.C.: Public Affairs Press, 1958.

Rable, George C. Civil Wars: Women and the Crisis of Southern Nationalism. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991.

——. Fredericksburg! Fredericksburg! Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002.

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(p.189) Rhea, Gordon C. Carrying the Flag: The Story of Private Charles Whilden, the Confederacy's Most Unlikely Hero. New York: Basic Books, 2003.

Rosen, Robert N. The Jewish Confederates. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2000.

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Rubin, Anne Sarah. A Shattered Nation: The Rise and Fall of the Confederacy, 1861–1868. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005.

Rubin, Hyman, III. South Carolina Scalawags. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2006.

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Salley, Alexander Samuel, Jr., ed. South Carolina Troops in Confederate Service. 3 vols. Columbia, S.C.: State Co., 1913–30.

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Schwalm, Leslie A. “A Hard Fight for We”: Women's Transition from Slavery to Freedom in South Carolina. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 1997.

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Silverman, Jason H., Samuel N. Thomas Jr., and Beverly D. Evans, IV. Shanks: The Life and Wars of General Nathan G. Evans, CSA. New York: Da Capo Press, 2002.

Simkins, Francis Butler. Pitchfork Ben Tillman: South Carolinian. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1967.

Simkins, Francis Butler, and Robert Hilliard Woody. South Carolina During Reconstruction. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1932.

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(p.190) Sinha, Manisha. The Counterrevolution of Slavery: Politics and Ideology in Antebellum South Carolina. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

Sinisi, Kyle S. Sacred Debts: State Civil War Claims and American Federalism, 1861–1880. New York: Fordham University Press, 2003.

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[Smith, R. M.] The Confederate First Reader: Containing Selections in Prose and Poetry, as Reading Exercises for the Young Children in the Schools and Families of the Confederate States. Richmond, Va.: G. L. Bidgood, 1864.

——. The Confederate Spelling Book, with Reading Lessons for the Young, Adapted to the Use of Schools or for Private Instruction. 5th ed. Richmond, Va.: George L. Bidgood, 1865.

Snay, Mitchell. Gospel of Disunion: Religion and Separatism in the Antebellum South. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1997.

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——. South Carolina School Books, 1795–1865. Columbia, S.C.: n.p., 1910. Songs of Love and Liberty Compiled by a North Carolina Lady. Raleigh, N.C.: Branson and Farrar, 1864.

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Startup, Kenneth Moore. Root of All Evil: The Protestant Clergy and the Economic Mind of the Old South. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1997.

Sterling, Richard. Our Own Fourth Reader: For the Use of Schools and Families. Greensboro, N.C.: Sterling and Albright, 1865; New York: Owens and Agar, 1865.

Stokes, William. Saddle Soldiers: The Civil War Correspondence of General William Stokes of the 4th South Carolina Cavalry. Ed. Lloyd Halliburton. Orangeburg, S.C.: Sandlapper, 1993.

Stone, Cornelia Branch. U.D.C. for Children Arranged for the Veuve Jefferson Davis Chapter. Galveston, Tex.: n.p., 1904.

Stone, DeWitt Boyd, Jr. Wandering to Glory: Confederate Veterans Remember Evans' Brigade. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2002.

Summers, Mark Wahlgren. The Gilded Age, or, the Hazard of New Functions. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1997.

(p.191) Toplin, Robert Brent, ed. Ken Burns's The Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

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——. South Carolina Women in the Confederacy. 2 vols. Columbia, S.C.: State Co., 1903, 1907.

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Werner, Emmy E. Reluctant Witnesses: Children's Voices from the Civil War. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1998.

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Whites, LeeAnn. The Civil War as a Crisis in Gender: Augusta, Georgia, 1860–1890. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1995.

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Williams, Lou Falkner. The Great South Carolina Ku Klux Klan Trials, 1871–1872. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1996.

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——. The Crucible of Race: Black-White Relations in the American South Since Emancipation. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.

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Wyatt-Brown, Bertram. Southern Honor: Ethics and Behavior in the Old South. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983.

Wyckoff, Mac. A History of the 2nd South Carolina Infantry, 1861–65. Fredericksburg, Va.: Sergeant Kirkland's Museum and Historical Society, 1994.

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Articles and Contributions to Edited Volumes

Altman, James David. “The Charleston Marine School.” South Carolina Historical Magazine 88 (April 1987): 76–82.

Bainbridge, Judith T. “‘A Nursery of Knowledge’: The Greenville Female Academy, 1819–1854.” South Carolina Historical Magazine 99 (1998): 6–33.

Bardaglio, Peter. “The Children of Jubilee: African American Childhood in Wartime.” In Clinton and Silber, Divided Houses, 213–229. (See Books for all contributions to edited volumes.)

Blanton, Christine. “The Life of Mary Amarinthia Snowden.” Preservation Progress 37 (Fall 1994): 7–11.

Bordin, Ruth. “Chapin, Sarah Flournoy.” In John A. Garraty and Mark C. Carnes, eds., American National Biography (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999), 4: 696–697.

Brookes, Barbara. “Menarche.” In Fass, Children and Childhood, 2: 594–595.

Burnside, Ronald, D. “Racism in the Administrations of Governor Cole Blease.” In George C. Rogers Jr., ed., Proceedings of the South Carolina Historical Association, 1964, 43–57. Columbia: South Carolina Historical Association, 1964.

Burton, Orville Vernon. “The Black Squint of the Law: Racism in South Carolina.” In Chesnutt and Wilson, Meaning of South Carolina History, 161–185.

——. “The Effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction on the Coming of Age of Southern Males, Edgefield County, South Carolina.” In Fraser, Saunders, and Wakelyn, Web of Southern Social Relations, 204–224.

Case, Sarah H. “The Historical Ideology of Mildred Lewis Rutherford: A Confederate Historian's New South Creed.” Journal of Southern History 68 (August 2002): 599–628.

(p.193) Cashin, Joan E. “‘Since the War Broke Out’: The Marriage of Kate and William McLure.” In Clinton and Silber, Divided Houses, 200–212.

——. “An ‘Unbroken Stallion’ Comes Home from the Civil War.” Manuscripts 44 (Fall 1992): 307–314.

Chesebrough, David B. “‘There Goes Your Damned Gospel Shop!’ The Churches and Clergy as Victims of Sherman's March through South Carolina.” South Carolina Historical Magazine 92 (January 1991): 15–33.

Clark, Cindy Dell. “Holidays.” In Clement and Reinier, Boyhood in America, 1: 337–341.

Faust, Drew Gilpin. “Altars of Sacrifice: Confederate Women and the Narratives of War.” In Clinton and Silber, Divided Houses, 171–199.

——. “The Civil War Soldiers and the Art of Dying.” Journal of Southern History 57 (2004): 3–38.

——. “‘Trying to Do a Man's Business’: Slavery, Violence and Gender in the American Civil War.” Gender and History 4 (Summer 1992): 197–214.

Gillis, John R. “Rites of Passage.” In Fass, Children and Childhood, 2:714–716.

Gregorie, Anne King. “Chapin, Sarah Flournoy.” In Edward T. James, ed., Notable American Women, 1607–1950: A Biographical Dictionary, 1:231–232. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1971.

Hiner, N. Ray, and Joseph M. Hawes. “History of Childhood United States.” In Fass, Children and Childhood, 2:426–430.

Hudson, Leonne M. “A Confederate Victory at Grahamville: Fighting at Honey Hill.” South Carolina Historical Magazine 94 (January 1993): 19–33.

Johnson, Joan Marie. “Sisters of the South: Louisa and Mary Poppenheim and South Carolina Clubwomen.” In Proceedings of the South Carolina Historical Association, 1997, 77–95. Columbia: South Carolina Historical Association, 1998.

Jordan, Laylon Wayne. “Education for Community: C.G. Memminger and the Origination of Common Schools in Antebellum Charleston.” South Carolina Historical Magazine 83 (1982): 99–115.

“Journal of Artha Brailsford Wescoat, 1863–1864.” Ed. Mrs. Sterling Graydon. South Carolina Historical Magazine 55 (1954): 71–102.

Mallinson, David. “Armed Only with Their Drums, Union and Confederate Drummer Boys Served Their Causes with Distinction.” America's Civil War 5 (November 1992): 8, 70–73.

Marten, James. “Fatherhood in the Confederacy: Southern Soldiers and Their Children.” Journal of Southern History 63 (May 1997): 269–292.

McCurry, Stephanie. “The Politics of Yeoman Households in South Carolina.” In Clinton and Silber, Divided Houses, 22–38.

(p.194) Mergen, Bernard. “The Discovery of Children's Play.” American Quarterly 27, no. 4 (October 1975): 399–421.

——. “Games.” In Clement and Reinier, Boyhood in America, 1:301–306.

Moore, John Hammond. “Getting Uncle Sam's Dollars: South Carolinians and the Southern Claim Commission, 1871–1880.” South Carolina Historical Magazine 82 (July 1981): 248–262.

——. “South Carolina's Reaction to the Photoplay, The Birth of a Nation.” In George C. Rogers Jr., ed., Proceedings of the South Carolina Historical Association, 1963 30–40. Columbia: South Carolina Historical Association, 1964.

Racine, Philip N. “Emily Lyles Harris: A Piedmont Farmer During the Civil War.” South Atlantic Quarterly 79 (Autumn 1980): 386–397.

Schmidt, Kirsten. “Dolls.” In Fass, Children and Childhood, 1:279–282.

Schrum, Kelly. “Teenagers.” In Fass, Children and Childhood, 3:808–809.

Smith, James F. “Gambling.” In Clement and Reinier, Boyhood in America, 1:295–301.

Stowe, Steven M., “The Not-So Cloistered Academy: Elite Women's Education and Family Feeling in the Old South.” In Fraser, Saunders, and Wakelyn, Web of Southern Social Relations, 90–106.

Warren, Roblyn. “Discipline.” In Clement and Rainier, Boyhood in America, 1:201–204.

Wyatt-Brown, Bertram. “The Ethic of Honor in National Crises: The Civil War, Vietnam, Iraq, and the Southern Factor.” Journal of the Historical Society 4 (December 2005): 431–460.

Papers, Theses, Dissertations, Videos, and Miscellaneous Works

Drago, Edmund L. “Confederate Children and the Commonality of the War Experience: South Carolina as a Test Case.” Paper, Society for the History of Children and Youth, Marquette University, Milwaukee, August 6, 2005.

Feimster, Crystal. “‘How Are the Daughters of Eve Punished?’ Rape During the Civil War.” Paper, Southern Historical Association Meeting, Atlanta, November 5, 2005.

Frank, Lisa Tendrich. “I Am a Southern Woman.” Paper, Southern Historical Association Meeting, Baltimore, November 8, 2002.

Honour, Katherine Lyons. “Theodore A. Honour: His Life and Letters of the Civil War Period.” MA thesis, East Tennessee University, 1979. Manuscript Department, SCL.

(p.195) Kennerly, Sarah Law. “Confederate Juvenile Imprints: Children's Books and Periodicals Published in the Confederate States of America, 1861–1865.” PhD dissertation, University of Michigan, 1956.

King, Susan L. “Children of the City: The First One Hundred Years of the Charleston Orphan House.” MS, ca. November 2005. Copy in author's possession.

Krug, Donna Rebecca Dondes. “The Folks Back Home: The Confederate Homefront during the Civil War.” PhD dissertation, University of California, Irvine, 1990.

McNamara, Vanessa. “The Evolution of Women's Benevolence Work in Nineteenth Century, Charleston, SC: A Case Study.” MA thesis, College of Charleston and The Citadel, 2007.

Miller, Brian Craig. “Reconstructing Manhood: Women and the Experience of Confederate Amputees.” Paper, Southern Historical Association Meeting, Memphis, November 4, 2004.

Rhett, Walter. “The Confession of St. Peter and the Children of the Auction Block.” Flyer, ca. January 17, 2003.

“The Southern Response” on “Cross Talk,” South Carolina Educational Television, May 20, 1991. Video.

Thackston, John. “Primary and Secondary Education in South Carolina from 1780 to 1860.” PhD dissertation, New York University Graduate Schools, 1908. (p.196)