This chapter argues that Greek metaphysics is only one part of Western thinking. Contemporary naturalism (the knowledge willed in relation to bio-power) consists, as well, in a negation of Christianity. Through its drive to be reductionistic, naturalism is not only anti-Platonic, but also anti-Christian. The other side of the deconstruction of Christianity would then be “life-ism.” Life-ism would not be a return to earlier versions of vitalism. Vitalism is an idea that does not belong to our present. We can assemble the characteristics that define the new concept of life. It would not be biological in a strictly material sense; it is not natural life. Instead, in this life the living is spiritual.
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