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Citizen SubjectFoundations for Philosophical Anthropology$
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Étienne Balibar

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780823273607

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823273607.001.0001

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Judging Self and Others: On the Political Theory of Reflexive Individualism

Judging Self and Others: On the Political Theory of Reflexive Individualism

Chapter:
(p.205) Ten: Judging Self and Others: On the Political Theory of Reflexive Individualism
Source:
Citizen Subject
Author(s):

Étienne Balibar

, Steven Miller
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:10.5422/fordham/9780823273607.003.0013

This chapter attempts another rereading of classical texts in order to rethink the question of “responsibility” for actions as an agency of the individualization of the subject, and next to characterize the democratic function of the “faculty of judgment.” It begins with the Greek idea of the citizen capable of judging, as referenced from Aristotle's Politics, Book III. The chapter then turns to a discussion of what this texxt refers to as “reflexive individualism”—the other face what has been called “possessive individualism.” Finally, after addressing the citizen's competence the chapter turns to their relative incompetence—after the foundation of reflexive individualism, the chapter observes its limitation in the form of a judiciary that is essentially a social institution.

Keywords:   reflexive individualism, responsibility, citizenship, individualization of the subject, faculty of judgment, Aristotle's Politics, judiciary, justice

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