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White Eagle, Black MadonnaOne Thousand Years of the Polish Catholic Tradition$
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Robert E. Alvis

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780823271702

Published to Fordham Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5422/fordham/9780823271702.001.0001

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Chaos and Consolidation (1138–1333)

Chaos and Consolidation (1138–1333)

Chapter:
(p.24) 2 Chaos and Consolidation (1138–1333)
Source:
White Eagle, Black Madonna
Author(s):

Robert E. Alvis

Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:10.5422/fordham/9780823271702.003.0002

Wracked by nearly two centuries of political chaos, the Kingdom of Poland managed to survive into the fourteenth century. The Catholic Church served as an important source of stability and autonomy in this difficult period. The Metropolitanate of Gniezno reinforced the kingdom’s territorial footprint. Church personnel and institutions helped maintain order and systems of governance. In keeping with the agenda of the Gregorian Reform, Catholic officials took advantage of Piast divisions to strengthen their own privileges and autonomy. Diocesan hierarchies grew more elaborate, and bishops managed to exert more control over clergy and laity in their jurisdictions. Christianity set down deeper roots in the hearts and minds of the faithful.

Keywords:   Cistercian Order, Dominican Order, Franciscan Order, Gregorian Reform, Saint Hedwig of Andechs, Piast Dynasty, Teutonic Knights, Wincenty Kadłubek

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